Keywords: Cell wall, Coleoptile growth, (1→3),(1→4)-β-d-Glucans, (1→3),(1→4)-β-d-Glucan hydrolase, Rice coleoptile, White light
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
d -Glucan contents and (1→3),(1→4)-β-d-glucan hydrolase activity increased in the faster phase of coleoptile growth, then declined under both light and dark conditions. The relative glucan content in the cell wall showed a good correlation with the increment of coleoptile length. Strong correlations were also observed among the increment of coleoptile length, the decrease in the level of the glucans, and the relative activity of the glucanase in the cell wall of light- and dark-grown coleoptiles except for those values in the early stage of coleoptile growth, supporting a hypothesis that the turnover of the glucans is one of the important factors which regulate rice coleoptile growth. The levels of the glucans and the glucanase activity were always lower in the cell wall of coleoptiles grown in the light than those in darkness during the experimental period. These results suggest that light irradiation inhibits both the synthesis and the breakdown of the glucans, causing a decrease in the capacity of the cell wall to extend, thereby inducing growth suppression in rice coleoptiles.
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