Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Abstract To utilize intracellular endoinulinase for inulo-oligosaccharide (IOS) production from inulin, the endoinulinase gene (inu1) of Pseudomonas sp. was successfully cloned into the plasmid pBR322 by using EcoRI restriction endoinulinase and E. coli HB101 as a host strain. The endoinulinase from E. coli HB101/pKMG50 was constitutively expressed, showing similar reaction modes as compared to those of the original strain. However, some critical differences existed in optimal reaction conditions and oligosaccharide compositions between the two products catalyzed by the native enzyme of original strain and those by intact cells from recombinant cells. The IOS compositions produced by recombinant E. coli were quite different due to the diffusional restriction of the substrate and products within the cell wall. Optimal reaction conditions for batchwise production of IOS were as follow : optimum temperature, 55 °C; pH, 7.5; substrate concentration, 100 g/l inulin; enzyme dosage, 20 units/g substrate. Continuous production of IOS from inulin was also carried out at 50 °C using a bioreactor packed with the recombinant cells immobilized on calcium alginate gel. The optimal feed concentration and the feed flow rate were 100 g/l inulin and 0.6 h−1 as a superficial space velocity, respectively. Under the optimum operation conditions, continuous production of IOS was successfully performed with productivity of 166.7 g/l·h for 15 days at 50 °C without significant loss of initial activity.
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