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  • 1
    Abstract: The growth of a tumor depends to a certain extent on an increase in mitotic events. Key steps during mitosis are the regulated assembly of the spindle apparatus and the separation of the sister chromatids. The microtubule-associated protein Aurora kinase A phosphorylates DLGAP5 in order to correctly segregate the chromatids. Its activity and recruitment to the spindle apparatus is regulated by TPX2. KIF11 and CKAP5 control the correct arrangement of the microtubules and prevent their degradation. In the present study, we investigated the role of these five molecules in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We analyzed the expression of the five genes in a large cohort of NSCLC patients (n=362) by quantitative real-time PCR. Each of the genes was highly overexpressed in the tumor tissues compared to corresponding normal lung tissue. The correlation of the expression of the individual genes depended on the histology. An increased expression of AURKA, DLGAP5, TPX2, KIF11 and CKAP5 was associated with poor overall survival (P=0.001-0.065). AURKA was a significant prognostic marker using multivariate analyses (P=0.006). Immunofluorescence studies demonstrated that the five mitosis-associated proteins co-localized with the spindle apparatus during cell division. Taken together, our data demonstrate that the expression of the mitosis-associated genes AURKA, DLGAP5, TPX2, KIF11 and CKAP5 is associated with the prognosis of NSCLC patients.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 28101582
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-05-31
    Description: Background/Aim: A growing body of evidence shows that the differential expression of E domain-related insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) transcripts (IFG-IEa, IGF-IEb and IGF-IEc) in normal and cancerous tissues, implicating specific biological roles for the putative Ea, Eb, and Ec peptides, beyond IGF-I. Herein, we investigated the expression profile of IGF-IEa, IGF-IEb and IGF-IEc transcripts in bladder cancer and compared them with samples from the normal adjacent bladder tissue. Materials and Methods: Biopsies from 46 patients (39 men and 7 women), aged 73.3±10.9 years, were analyzed for the expression of IGF-I transcripts using semi-quantitative real time-PCR (qRT-PCR). Results: The presence of all three IGF-I transcripts was detected in both normal urothelium and bladder carcinomas. The relative expression of the IGF-IEa and IFG-IEb was marginally increased in bladder cancer tissues compared to normal tissue (p〉0.05). In contrast, the expression of the IGF-IEc was significantly decreased in bladder cancer as compared to normal adjacent urothelium (p〈0.05). This specific suppression of IGF-IEc expression was evident and positively correlated with the histological and/or clinical characteristics of an advanced disease, referring to clinical stage, tumor grade and disease recurrence (p〈0.05); however, in situ carcinomas exhibited an increased expression of all IGF-I transcripts. Conclusion: Our data confirm the differential expression of IGF-I transcripts in bladder cancer, revealing a distinct suppression of IGF-IEc. These findings suggest that IGF-IEc expression and putative Ec product may possess discrete biological role in disease progression beyond IGF-I.
    Print ISSN: 0250-7005
    Electronic ISSN: 1791-7530
    Topics: Medicine
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