CD54 (intercellular adhesion molecule-1 [ICAM-1])
Conjunctival provocation test
early phase reaction
late phase reaction
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Summary The protective effects of deflazacort, (a new heterocyclic glucocorticoid and derivative of prednisolone, with calcium and glucose-sparing effects) on the inflammatory reaction following an allergen-specific conjunctival provocation test (CPT) were assessed in a doubleblind study, in 24 patients suffering from rhinoconjunctivitis due toParietaria judaica. After an initial screening CPT, patients were randomized to four treatment groups, to receive deflazacort, 6, 30 or 60 mg, once daily or placebo, for 3 days, during the low-pollen season. Clinical evaluations (itching, hyperaemia, lacrimation and eyelid swelling), cytological assessment (number of inflammatory cells, i. e. neutrophils, eosinophils and lymphocytes, sampled by conjunctival scraping) and immunocytochemical evaluation of CD54 (intercellular adhesion molecule-1 [ICAM-1]) expression on epithelial cells were performed after CPT, at baseline, after 30 minutes (early-phase reaction [EPR]) and after 6 and 24 hours (late-phase reaction [LPR]), before and after treatment. Neither the nature or severity of clinical events nor the total number of inflammatory cells during the EPR changed during treatment with deflazacort. The severity of the clinical events during the LPR were significantly reduced by deflazacort, 30 and 60 mg/dayP 〈 0.01) compared to the placebo-treated group. The total number of inflammatory cells during the LPR was also significantly reduced by deflazacort, 30 and 60 mg/ day (P 〈 0.01) compared to the placebo-treated group. CD54 expression was significantly reduced by deflazacort, 30 and 60 mg/day both during the EPR (P 〈 0.01) and LPR (P 〈 0.01) compared to the placebo-treated group. Deflazacort, 6 mg/day did not significantly alter clinical, cellular or immunocytochemical variables compared to the placebo-treated group. This study shows that deflazacort has a highly protective effect on clinical and cellular LPR events induced by specific CPT. In addition, deflazacort markedly reduces CD54 expression on conjunctival epithelium during both the EPR and LPR.
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