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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 117 (2002), S. 1470-1478 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The most common form of density functional calculations on molecular systems used generalized gradient approximation exchange-correlation functionals (such calculations can be applied to larger systems because no exact exchange is included). The most efficient and fastest such codes use an auxiliary basis set to fit the density so that only three-center integrals need to be evaluated. The codes DGAUSS and TURBOMOL use Gaussian basis sets, whereas the long-established ADF code uses Slater basis sets. We here examine the use of Slater basis sets. Our new code evaluates all required integrals numerically by quadrature. We report calculations on the G2 molecular set, contrasting them with similar calculations using Gaussian basis sets. Our conclusion, as far as energetics and structure are concerned, is that very similar predictions may be obtained from basis sets of the same size, and at approximately the same cost. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 116 (2002), S. 5411-5418 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The purpose of this work is to search for a justifiable form for a molecular dynamic correlation functional. A detailed examination of Colle and Salvetti's derivation of the LYP functional is presented. It is argued that the leading term is all important, and furthermore that it should account for αβ correlation. This term only depends upon the densities, and it has a truncation factor which is obtained from the size of the correlation hole. It is −c∫ραρβ/(ρ(1+dρ−1/3))dr. It reproduces the αβ correlation energies of (He–Ar) to a very high accuracy. The correlation functional which represents σσ correlation is more complex, because the two particle Hartree–Fock density matrix is zero at electron coalescence. The functional must therefore depend upon (∇ρ)2. Using these and related arguments we have found a four parameter generalized gradient functional which appears to perform nearly as well as the LYP functional. However unlike the LYP functional, it has two identifiable terms for αβ correlation, and two identifiable terms for σσ correlation. Together with our previously derived exchange functional, we have therefore obtained an exchange-correlation functional for molecular studies, the form for which can be more understandably justified. The performance of this new Generalized Gradient Approximation functional for molecular predictions is reported. It is a considerable improvement on the BLYP functional, and is in the category of an optimum Generalized Gradient functional. Finally the present status of the science of searching for exchange-correlation functions is reviewed. It is suggested that it may not be possible to find a local functional which is significantly more accurate for chemistry than the presently used Generalized Gradient Approximation functionals. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 109 (1998), S. 6264-6271 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: We recently presented a new method for developing generalized gradient approximation (GGA) exchange-correlation energy functionals, using a least-squares procedure involving numerical exchange-correlation potentials and experimental energetics and nuclear gradients. In this paper we use the same method to develop a new GGA functional, denoted HCTH, based on an expansion recently suggested by Becke [J. Chem. Phys. 107, 8554 (1997)]. For our extensive training set, the new functional yields improved energetics compared to both the BLYP and B3LYP functionals [Phys. Rev. A 38, 3098 (1988); Phys. Rev. B 37, 785 (1988); J. Chem. Phys. 98, 5648 (1993); J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11623 (1994)]. The geometries of these systems, together with those of a set of transition metal compounds, are shown to be an improvement over the BLYP functional, while the reaction barriers for six hydrogen abstraction reactions are comparable to those of B3LYP. These improvements are achieved without introducing any fraction of exact orbital exchange into the new functional. We have also re-optimized the functional of Becke—which does involve exact exchange—for use in self-consistent calculations. © 1998 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 114 (2001), S. 631-638 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: To gain an understanding of the variational behavior of kinetic energy functionals, we perform a numerical study of the Thomas–Fermi–Dirac–von Weizsäcker theory in finite systems. A general purpose Gaussian-based code is constructed to perform energy and geometry optimizations on polyatomic systems to high accuracy. We carry out benchmark studies on atomic and diatomic systems. Our results indicate that the Thomas–Fermi–Dirac–von Weizsäcker theory can give an approximate description of matter, with atomic energies, binding energies, and bond lengths of the correct order of magnitude, though not to the accuracy required of a qualitative chemical theory. We discuss the implications for the development of new kinetic functionals. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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