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  • 1
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Chiral discrimination ; 2,3,6-Tri-O-methyl)-β-cyclodextrin ; Capillary Gas Chromatography ; ?-Alkyl-5-methylhydantoin ; Thermodynamic parameters ; Molecular modeing ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Permethylated β-cyclodextrin (hereafter designated perMe-β-CD), dililuted or not in polysiloxane, is an efficient chiral discriminant for native, 3-methylated, and 1,3-dimethylated series of 5-methyl-5-(CnH2n + 1)hydantoins. From thermodynamic data obtained with pure perMe-β-CD and with the aid of molecular modeling, it is concluded that: (i) For native hydantoin derivatives having a carbon chain at the 5-position varying from ethyl to nonyl (2≤n≤9), the retention time is related to their H-bonding capability. The resolution is poor for derivatives with n≤4. For n≤5, the resolution is considerably improved and this increase in resolution is attributed to the long alkyl chain being capable of being buried inside the cyclodextrin cavity. (ii) For 1,3-dimethylhydantion derivatives having a carbon chain at the 5-position varying from ethyl to hexyl(2≤n≤6), the retention time is mainly determined by a steric fit between the solute and the inner volume of the macrocyclic cavity. For n = 2, a particular behavior is observed, consistent with a total inclusion of the solutes inside the cavity. By contrast with the native hydantoins, the selectively is high for light derivatives. Thus, the selectivity does not correlate with a strong docking energy (such as the presence of H-bonds postulated with native derivatives). (iii) For 3-methylhydantoin derivatives having a carbon chain at the 5-position varying from ethyl to octyl (2≤n≤8), as expected, retension time and selectivity are intermediate between that of native hydantoins and 1,3-dimethylhydantoins. For all three series, where n≤5, the increase in chain length (n) does not bring about substantial changes in the chromatographic results. Therefore, for these long alkyl chain derivatives, similar dominant interactions with perMe-β-CD are postulated.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Enantioselective capillary gas chromatography ; chiral stationary phase ; chiral recognition mechanism ; cholic acid ; cyclocholates ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: ---The suitability of cyclocholates as chiral selectors in gas chromatography has been evaluated. We present the synthesis and characterization of two cyclocholates, viz. 3α,7α-diacetoxycyclo[3]cholate and 3α,7α-diacetoxycylo[4]cholate. Mixtures of these new selectors with polysiloxanes were tested as chiral stationary phases in capillary gas chromatography. Several enantiomer separations of common racemates were achieved with the 3α,7α-diacetoxycyclo[3]cholate at 10% in OV-1701 (w/w). It was shown that column efficiency was strongly dependent on temperature and that enantioselectivity was very sensitive to column conditioning. This chromatographic behavior suggested that cyclocholates were only dispersed in polysiloxane. Thus, it was assumed that chiral discrimination occurred via enantioselective adsorption interactions of enantiomers at the surface of the solid chiral selector dispersed in the polysiloxane matrix OV-1701.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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