Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Polysaccharide was synthesized by Aureobasidium pullulans (or Pullularia pullulans) 2552 in a sucrose medium. The field apparent viscosity of the culture medium from shake flask experiments rose to 24,500 cP and then dropped toward its initial value as the fermentation progressed. The magnitude of the maximum apparent viscosity depended on the initial pH of the fermentation broth. The inoculum age influenced the cultivation period before which the maximum viscosity was reached. Rheograms of the fermentation broths showed a change in viscosity behavior from Newtonian to pseudoplastic, and then toward Newtonian characteristics during the fermentation. The calculated non-Newtonian index was found to be a sensitive factor for the indication of the non-Newtonian behavior. Such behavior could not be detected from rheograms. Viscosity profiles of polysaccharide isolated from various stages of the fermentation showed a change from Newtonian to pseudoplastic behavior depending on the concentration (0-2%) of polysaccharide.
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