Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 0300-9084
    Keywords: HBsAg ; hybrid particles ; neutralization epitope ; poliovirus
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 0264-410X
    Keywords: Poliovirus ; attenuation ; neurovirulence ; point mutations ; polio vaccine ; site-specific polymerase chain reaction
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-8798
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Following mixed infection of monkey kidney cells with a guanidine-sensitive clonal derivative of the attenuated LSc2ab type 1 poliovirus strain and with a guanidine-resistant clonal derivative of the MEF1 type 2 strain, the frequency of guanidine-resistant type 1 particles was found to be increased in the progeny. The frequency of these particles was almost 4 times higher than that of spontaneous mutants in the progeny of the self cross. This difference being statistically significant it is considered to be an argument in favour to the occurrence of recombination between the two serologically unrelated poliovirus strains. Investigation of a group of unselected genetic markers in the type 1 guanidine-resistant clonal strains derived from the progeny of mixed infection showed that transfer of guanidine resistance from the type 2 parental strain was not associated with the transfer of any other character of this strain.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 215 (1967), S. 313-315 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] The present communication reports preliminary observations on some characteristics of the mutation towards dextran resistance and the relationship between the ds marker and other genetic characters either belonging to the group displaying covariation with neurovirulence or independent of the ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-0778
    Keywords: BHK-21/BRS ; MDCK ; non-animal-derived ; serum-free medium ; Vero ; virus-production
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract The development of media free of serum and animal or human proteins is of utmost importance for increasing the safety of biologicals produced for therapy and vaccination. In order to reduce the risk of contamination, we have modified the serum free medium MDSS2, a very efficient serum free medium for the production of various biologicals including experimental vaccines using different cell lines (Merten et al., 1994), by replacing the animal derived products by plant extracts. The new serum and animal protein free medium (MDSS2N) can be efficiently used for biomass production of various cell lines. These cells grow equally well or better in this new serum-free medium than in the old formulation (MDSS2): • BHK-21/BRS cells, adapted to MDSS2N, showed an overall specific growth rate of 0.0197 h-1 (μ_max = 0.0510±0.0058 h-1), whereas those cultivated in MDSS2 grew with an average specific growth rate of 0.0179 h-1 (μ_max = 0.0305±0.0177 h-1). • Vero cells grew with an average specific growth rate of 0.0159 h-1 and 0.0153 h-1 in MDSS2 and MDSS2N, respectively. Very similar growth rates were obtained in microcarrier cultures in stirred tank reactors: the specific growth rates were 0.0161 h-1 and 0.0166 h-1 for MDSS2 and MDSS2N cultures, respectively. • For MDCK cells, when cultured on microcarriers in bioreactors, a higher average specific growth rate was observed in MDSS2N than in MDSS2; values of 0.0248 h-1 and 0.0168 h-1, respectively, were obtained. The capacity of MDSS2N to support the production of different viruses was equally evaluated and it could be established that for certain viruses there are no or insignificant differences between MDSS2N and MDSS2 (influenza and polio virus), whereas, the production of rabies virus is somewhat reduced in MDSS2N when compared to MDSS2. The use of MDSS2N for cell culture and the production of various viruses is discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1573-7284
    Keywords: Type 2 poliovirus ; Mice ; Molecular pathogenesis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Lansing strain of poliovirus type 2 (PV-2) produces a fatal paralytic disease in mice after intracerebral inoculation. To identify virus-containing nerve cells in poliovirus-infected mice, we developed a technique of in situ hybridization for viral RNA with a poliovirus-specific riboprobe. Large numbers of genomes were found in motoneurons and their processes, as well as in ghosts of neurons with or without inflammatory cells. This indicates that the death of motoneurons is due to a direct effect of viral replication. The presence of viral RNA in neuronal processes suggests an axonal dissemination of poliovirus within the central nervous system (CNS). Detection of viral genomes in small cells located in anterior and in posterior horns shows that motoneurons are not the only cells susceptible to poliovirus in the CNS. To see if PV-2/Lansing still exits in nature, PV-2 isolated from the CNS and from the gut of two human cases of paralytic poliomyelitis were characterized by determining epitope maps and phenotypic markers and by sequencing regions of the genome coding for antigenic sites and the 5′ non-coding region. Comparison of virus isolated from the intestine and from the CNS of the same subject revealed a high degree of homology, suggesting that virus isolated from the gut is representative of virus in the neuronal lesions. The isolate from a case had more homology to PV-2/Lansing, whereas the other isolate showed more homology to PV-2/Sabin. These results show that, despite intensive vaccination with oral polio vaccine for 25 years, wild PV-2/Lansing-like viruses, pathogenic for mice, still circulate in nature ad induce human paralytic cases.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1573-0778
    Keywords: serum-free medium ; Vero cells ; poliovirus Sabin 1 ; perfusion culture ; optimisation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract The serum-free medium MDSS2 (Merten et al., 1994), was used for cultivating Vero cells as well as for producing poliovirus (Sabin type 1) in static and in perfused micro-carrier cultures. At slightly different growth rates of 0.0120/h and 0.0106/h, respectively, static cultures in serum-containing (SCM) and serum-free (SFM) medium produced titers of 106.75 and 106.67 TCID50 per 50 µl; signifying a specific productivity of 0.89 and 1.07 TCID50/c. Serum-free bioreactor cultures of Vero cells on DEAE-dextran microcarriers at 6.25 g/l produced cell densities of about 1.5×106c/ml. After infection with virus (multiplicity of infection (MOI) 0.1–0.3) titers of about 6.3×108 TCID50/ml were obtained, signifying an average specific productivity of 7.1 TCID50/c.h. Although these values were 4 and 2 fold, respectively, higher than in classical resum-based production processes (Montagnon et al. Dev. biol. Stand. 1981, 47, 55), a reference culture, for which cell growth was done in SCM and only virus production was done in SFM, produced 2×109 TCID/ml with an average specific virus production rate of 18.9 TCID50/c.h. The differences between the fully serum-free and our reference process were mainly due to physiological differences of cells grown in SCM and SFM and also due to strongly modified consumption kinetics after virus infection leading to limitations of one or several essential medium compounds, like glucose and amino acids. Avoiding these limitations by increasing the residual concentration of glucose, glutamine, histidine, and SH-amino acids, led to specific virus production rates (of about 17.9 TCID59/c.h.) comparable to those found in the reference virus production process. The optimisation of the production of the poliovirus (Sabin 1) will be described with respect to the modification of the medium composition.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-1904
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Natural Sciences in General
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...