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  • 1
    Abstract: There is mounting evidence that the nuclear envelope, and particularly the lamina, plays a critical role in the mechanical and regulation properties of the cell and changes to the lamina can have implications for the physical properties of the whole cell. In this study we demonstrate that the optical stretcher can measure changes in the time-dependent mechanical properties of living cells with different levels of A-type lamin expression. Results from the optical stretcher shows a decrease in the deformability of cells as the levels of lamin A increases, for cells which grow both adherently and in suspension. Further detail can be probed by combining the optical stretcher with fluorescence microscopy to investigate the nuclear mechanical properties which show a larger decrease in deformability than for the whole cell.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 28485113
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  • 2
    Keywords: GENES ; METAANALYSIS ; GROWTH-FACTOR-I ; BINDING PROTEIN-3 ; 8Q24 ; susceptibility loci ; GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION ; SEQUENCE VARIANTS ; MULTIPLE ; PSA LEVELS
    Abstract: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with prostate cancer risk. However, whether these associations can be consistently replicated, vary with disease aggressiveness (tumor stage and grade) and/or interact with non-genetic potential risk factors or other SNPs is unknown. We therefore genotyped 39 SNPs from regions identified by several prostate cancer GWAS in 10,501 prostate cancer cases and 10,831 controls from the NCI Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (BPC3). We replicated 36 out of 39 SNPs (P-values ranging from 0.01 to 10(-28)). Two SNPs located near KLK3 associated with PSA levels showed differential association with Gleason grade (rs2735839, P = 0.0001 and rs266849, P = 0.0004; case-only test), where the alleles associated with decreasing PSA levels were inversely associated with low-grade (as defined by Gleason grade,8) tumors but positively associated with high-grade tumors. No other SNP showed differential associations according to disease stage or grade. We observed no effect modification by SNP for association with age at diagnosis, family history of prostate cancer, diabetes, BMI, height, smoking or alcohol intake. Moreover, we found no evidence of pair-wise SNP-SNP interactions. While these SNPs represent new independent risk factors for prostate cancer, we saw little evidence for effect modification by other SNPs or by the environmental factors examined
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 21390317
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  • 3
    Keywords: APOPTOSIS ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; proliferation ; tumor ; AGENTS ; BLOOD ; carcinoma ; CELL ; human ; KINASE ; neoplasms ; GENE ; GENES ; PROTEIN ; cell line ; LINES ; DNA ; FAMILY ; cell cycle ; CELL-CYCLE ; CELL-LINES ; CYCLE ; PROTEIN-KINASE ; FREQUENCY ; FREQUENCIES ; BREAST ; IDENTIFICATION ; NEOPLASIA ; LYMPHOMA ; MALIGNANCIES ; CELL-LINE ; LINE ; p53 ; LYMPHOCYTES ; MAMMALIAN-CELLS ; B-CELLS ; SQUAMOUS-CELL CARCINOMA ; HEAD ; PRESSURE ; CARCINOMAS ; NECK ; adenocarcinoma ; ADENOCARCINOMAS ; squamous cell carcinoma ; SQUAMOUS-CELL CARCINOMAS ; cell lines ; METHYLATION ; EPSTEIN-BARR-VIRUS ; POLO-LIKE KINASE ; MALIGNANCY ; RE ; FAMILIES ; TUMOR-SUPPRESSOR ; CHECKPOINT ; function ; B-LYMPHOCYTES ; HIGH-FREQUENCIES ; B-CELL ; SQUAMOUS-CELL ; CYTOSINE ; SUPPRESSOR FUNCTION ; checkpoints
    Abstract: The Polo-like kinases (Plks) are a highly conserved family of protein kinases that function in regulation of cell cycle and DNA damage-induced checkpoints. Evidence of a tumor suppressor function for the Plks in human neoplasia is lacking. Here, we report that Snk/Plk2 is transcriptionally down-regulated in B-cell neoplasms. Silencing occurs with very high frequency in Burkitt lymphoma (BL) but is also detected in B-cell neoplasms of other types and is associated with aberrant cytosine methylation in the CpG island located at the 5' end of the SNK/PLK2 gene. Silencing is specific to malignant B cells because SNK/PLK2 was unmethylated (and expressed) in primary B lymphocytes, in EBV-immortalized B lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs), and in adenocarcinomas (of the breast) and squamous-cell carcinomas (of the head and neck). Expression of Snk/Plk2 in BL cell lines was restored by demethylating agents. The related PLK1 and PLK3(FNK/PRK) genes were overexpressed in BL cell lines lacking Snk/Plk2 expression, consistent with functional degeneracy among the Plk family. Ectopic expression of Snk/Plk2 in BIL cells resulted in apoptosis, a potential mechanistic basis underlying the strong selective pressure for abrogation of Snk/Plk2 function in B-cell neoplasia
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 16160013
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Gene 85 (1989), S. 525-531 
    ISSN: 0378-1119
    Keywords: RNase ; Recombinant DNA ; alterative splicing ; cDNA ; exon ; human RNase inhibitor ; start codon
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0888-7543
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: Isoxazolyl penicillins ; Adverse drug reaction reporting ; jaundice ; drug-induced hepatitis ; flucloxacillin ; dicloxacillin
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The clinico-pathological entity of flucloxacillin-associated cholestatic hepatitis is described and the recognition and documentation of cholestasis associated with flucloxacillin and with related isoxazolyl-penicillins (cloxacillin, dicloxacillin) is examined on an international basis, with particular reference to Australia. Data were obtained from the literature, from the Australian adverse drug reaction monitoring agency and from the Collaborative Centre for International Drug Monitoring (World Health Organisation) in Sweden. Approximately 600 cases of flucloxacillin-associated cholestatic hepatitis were collected, as well as 164 cases associated with other isoxazolyl penicillins. Jaundice and pruritus may first appear several weeks after administration of the drug has ceased and typically are severe and protracted. Liver tests may be abnormal for months after symptomatic recovery. Death is uncommon. Liver pathology shows centrizonal bile stasis with portal tract inflammation and variable loss of bile ducts. Approximately 1 in 15,000 users of flucloxacillin will develop the reaction. Increasing age (〉55 years) and prolonged intake (〉14 days) are particular risk factors. Cholestasis associated with cloxacillin/dicloxacillin appears to be similar in nature but is less well defined. Recognition and reporting of the reaction have been uncommon in the United Kingdom inter alia and high in Sweden and Australia, although estimates of risk have been similar. In Australia, the remarkably high rate of reports appears to be the result of sustained publicity for the reaction. There is only a trickle of reports of cholestatic hepatitis in association with the use of cloxacillin and dicloxacillin from the USA and Canada. The high level of awareness of the reaction and consequential regulatory action so far have not resulted in a diminution of its occurrence in Australia.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract Crude peroxidase preparations from the lignocellulose-degrading actinomycete, Streptomyces viridosporus T7A, were shown to decolorize several azo dye isomers and showed a correlation of dye structure to degradability similar to that shown by fungal Mn-peroxidase, an enzyme not previously described in actinomycetes. Addition of the heme-peroxidase inhibitor KCN did not significantly change the ability of the T7A enzyme(s) to decompose the dyes. These results suggest that T7A may produce a Mn- or other peroxidase with similar substrate specificity to Mn-peroxidase. Affinity chromatography using immobilized azo dye isomers was used for purifying peroxidases from T7A. A significantly purified peroxidase preparation was obtained irrespective of the azo dye used. In comparison, concanavalin A lectin affinity chromatography showed very poor binding and resolution for T7A peroxidases. Azo dye affinity purification gave preparations sufficiently purified to allow amino acid microsequencing for two of the bound proteins. N-terminal amino acid sequences were found to share significant homology with a fungal Mn-peroxidase and actinomycete cellulases.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Anaesthesia 47 (1992), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2044
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion is a method of regional chemotherapy shown to be effective in the prevention and treatment of peritoneal metastases. General anaesthesia for a patient who required this procedure is described. Guidelines for management are suggested, with particular emphasis on temperature control, fluid and electrolyte balance and postoperative care.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-0800
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Urological research 12 (1984), S. 17-22 
    ISSN: 1434-0879
    Keywords: Urinary calculi ; Electron microscopy ; X-ray microanalysis ; Artefacts
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Material in urinary calculi is prone to irradiation damage during electron microscopy and this suggests the need for care in the interpretation of data. It is shown, however, that minimum-dose transmission microscopy is feasible for single-crystal electron diffraction work, and that although internal damage in severe, morphological artefacts are unlikely in the SEM unless the incident electron flux is greater than 10-13 A nm-2. During EDX micro-analysis, the detection of light elements is impaired by irradiation effects unless a minimum-dose procedure is used. For the preparation of SEM samples, artefacts can be created by cleaving air-dried material-and it is therefore important to consider more lengthy preparation methods such as cryogenics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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