Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Abstract In this work, a BHK21 clone producing a fusion protein consisting of a recombinant human IgG molecule with a cytokine tail, growing in a protein-free medium, was used to test several alternatives to avoid the use of serum for trypsin inactivation, currently used in cell dislodging. These included (1) trypsin inactivated with soybean trypsin inhibitor (STI); (2) cell dissociation solution instead of trypsin; (3) dispase instead of trypsin; (4) trypsin inactivated with fetal calf serum (positive control); (5) non-inactivated trypsin (negative control). Use of a centrifugation step was also tested for each alternative. Results indicate that the best method regarding cell growth, viability and adherent fraction is to use trypsin inactivated with STI followed by a centrifugation step. For all methods tested, the utilization of a centrifugation step always led to improved results. The optimal proportion for total trypsin inactivation is 1:1 trypsin (0.2% w/v) to STI (1 mg ml−1), equivalent to 2 mg trypsin to 1 mg STI. No toxic effect was observed for STI at the concentrations used. Long-term subculturing with this new, alternative dislodging method did not affect cell growth, viability and productivity.
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