Key words Cd-pyroxmangite
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Synthetic (SiGe)-pyroxenoids are often observed to have superperiods. Whether or not these superperiods grow in connection with Si-Ge ordering is a fundamental question. The size difference between Ge and Si tetrahedra leads to CdGeO3 having the pyroxmangite structure, whereas CdSiO3 has the wollastonite structure. Consequently, considerable strain is expected for a pyroxenoid with a disordered Ge-Si distribution. A 29Si MAS-NMR study of a Cd-pyroxmangite of nominal composition Cd7[Ge6Si]O7 points to considerable Si clustering, probably as GeSiSiSiGe triples corresponding to the wollastonite-like units of the siebener chain. It is proposed that such ordering relieves strain within the tetrahedral chain. Residual strain is also relieved by insertion of an extra pair of GeO4 tetrahedra into the pyroxene-like component of the siebener-chain units, leading to single neuner-chain units which terminate the superperiods. This growth pattern is cyclic. The presence of several types of superperiod may reflect similar energetics for different Ge-Si-ordering patterns within the siebener chains. Ordering of Si-rich unit cells and of unit cells having no Si is proposed as the reason for the occurrence of the superperiods in Cd-pyroxmangite.
Type of Medium: