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  • 1
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie; 75. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 97. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie, 52. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie; 20111025-20111028; Berlin; DOCWI50-472 /20111018/
    Publication Date: 2011-10-18
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
    Abstract: Quiescent long-term hematopoietic stem cells (LT-HSCs) are efficiently activated by type I interferon (IFN-I). However, this effect remains poorly investigated in the context of IFN-I-inducing virus infections. Here we report that both vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) and murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) infection induce LT-HSC activation that substantially differs from the effects triggered upon injection of synthetic IFN-I-inducing agents. In both infections, inflammatory responses had to exceed local thresholds within the bone marrow to confer LT-HSC cell cycle entry, and IFN-I receptor triggering was not critical for this activation. After resolution of acute MCMV infection, LT-HSCs returned to phenotypic quiescence. However, non-acute MCMV infection induced a sustained inflammatory milieu within the bone marrow that was associated with long-lasting impairment of LT-HSC function. In conclusion, our results show that systemic virus infections fundamentally affect LT-HSCs and that also non-acute inflammatory stimuli in bone marrow donors can affect the reconstitution potential of bone marrow transplants.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 28614719
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  • 3
    Abstract: The transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) translocates antigenic peptides into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen for loading onto MHC class I molecules. This is a key step in the control of viral infections through CD8+ T-cells. The herpes simplex virus type-1 encodes an 88 amino acid long species-specific TAP inhibitor, ICP47, that functions as a high affinity competitor for the peptide binding site on TAP. It has previously been suggested that the inhibitory function of ICP47 resides within the N-terminal region (residues 1-35). Here we show that mutation of the highly conserved 50PLL52 motif within the central region of ICP47 attenuates its inhibitory capacity. Taking advantage of the human cytomegalovirus-encoded TAP inhibitor US6 as a luminal sensor for conformational changes of TAP, we demonstrated that the 50PLL52 motif is essential for freezing of the TAP conformation. Moreover, hierarchical functional interaction sites on TAP dependent on 50PLL52 could be defined using a comprehensive set of human-rat TAP chimeras. This data broadens our understanding of the molecular mechanism underpinning TAP inhibition by ICP47, to include the 50PLL52 sequence as a stabilizer that tethers the TAP-ICP47 complex in an inward-facing conformation.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 28592828
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0630
    Keywords: 72.70 ; 73.40
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Abstract We report on temperature (77 to 300 K) and voltage dependent low frequency (100 Hz to 100 kHz) noise behavior of InGaAs/InP photodiodes in non-equilibrium steady state. In addition to common white, 1/f, and Lorentz noise we are able to observe for the first time minima and maxima in the photocurrent noise spectra. The recombination of a pair of free carriers through a recombination center at the heterointerface provides the correlation between the electron and hole ensembles necessary to explain the observed noise reduction.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1434-6052
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract. We analyze the dependence of heavy quark free energies on the baryon chemical potential μb in 2-flavor QCD by performing a 6th order Taylor expansion in the chemical potential which circumvents the sign problem. The bare quark mass at $\hat m / T = 0.4$ corresponds to a pion mass of about 770 MeV and is thus not in the range of physical quark masses but the quark mass dependence is known to be small above Tc. At Nτ = 4 the lattices are coarse, however, we are using improved (p4 staggered) fermions. The Taylor expansion coefficients of color singlet and color averaged free energies are calculated and from this the expansion coefficients for the corresponding screening masses are determined. We find that for small μb the free energies of a static quark-antiquark pair decrease in a medium with a net excess of quarks and that screening is well described by a screening mass which increases with increasing μb. The μb-dependent corrections to the screening masses are well described by perturbation theory for T ≳ 2Tc. In particular, we find for all temperatures above Tc that the expansion coefficients for singlet and color averaged screening masses differ by a factor 2.PACS. 11.15.Ha, 11.10.Wx, 12.38Gc, 12.38.Mh
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Review of Scientific Instruments 72 (2001), S. 4393-4397 
    ISSN: 1089-7623
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: A procedure for operating an Eigler-style, low temperature scanning tunneling microscope (STM) at variable temperatures has been developed. A critical exchange gas pressure regime was found to allow for controlled variation of the STM temperature while it is encapsulated in a liquid helium Dewar. The sensitivity of various parameters to the ability to generate stable variable temperatures above 4 K is discussed. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-1440
    Keywords: EDTA anticoagulated blood ; capillary blood ; blood platelets ; platelet phagocytosis ; thrombocytopenia ; polymorphonuclear leukocytes ; EDTA-Blut ; Capillarblut ; Thrombocyten ; Thrombocytenphagocytose ; Thrombocytopenie ; neutrophile Granulocyten
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Bei zwei Patienten fiel im EDTA-Blutausstrich eine außergewöhnliche Adhärenz von Blutplättchen an Granulocyten auf. In den gleichen Blutproben wurden verminderte Thrombocytenwerte gezählt. Diese Granulocyten-Plättchen-Rosetten treten sehr selten, nur in vitro im EDTA-Blut und an neutrophilen Granulocyten auf. Eine Plättchenphagocytose durch Granulocyten konnte nachgewiesen werden. Die auslösende Ursache ist unbekannt. Zur Vermeidung eines falschen Thrombocytopenie-Befundes sollte bei Beobachtung von Granulocyten-Plättchen-Rosetten eine Kontrolle der Thrombocytenzahl im Capillarblut herangezogen werden.
    Notes: Summary Extraordinary platelet adherence to polymorphonuclear leukocytes was seen in EDTA anticoagulated blood smears of two patients. From the same blood samples platelets were greatly reduced in number. Platelet satellitism (granulocyte platelet rosettes) is a rare phenomenon in vitro, only seen in EDTA anticoagulated blood, and the platelets surrounded polymorphonuclear leukocytes only. Phagocytosis of platelets was also observed. The cause of platelet satellitism is unknown. Capillary blood should be investigated in order to prevent a false thrombocytopenia.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1572-8943
    Keywords: complexes ; coordination chemistry
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Das Zersetzung Verhalten der Komplexverbindungen vom Typ C0D2I2 (P = acetylaceton, Benzoylaceton;I = Imidazol oder Derivate) erfolgt stufenweise. Im Falle vonD = Acetylaceton erfolgt zuerst eine Eliminierung von Acetylaceton wärend beiD = Benzoylaceton zuerst ein Heteroligand eine Abspaltung erfährt. Bei einer unsubstituiertenΒ-Position von Nickelacyclen des Typs (bipy)Ni(CH2CH2CH2COO) erfolgt eine thermisch induzierteΒ-Hydrideliminierung unter Ringspaltung und Freisetzung von CO2. Im Gegensatz zur hohen thermischen Stabilität des Trimesityl Aluminium erfahren die Zwischenverbindungen Almes2Cl und AlmesCl2 mit abnehmenden Mesityl- bzw. zunehmenden Chlorgehalt einen wessentlich früheren thermischen Zerfall. Bei zunehmenden Kovalenzgrad ist hier ein Einfluss der veränderten Polarisation anzunehmen. Der thermische Abbau der prinzipiell wasserhaltig kristallisierenden Nickelchelate von alkylsubstituierten Chinolin-8-ol beginnt jeweils mit der Dehydratisierung. In Abhängigkeit von der Kettenlänge und der Position der Substitution am Chinolin schliesst sich der thermische Abbau der Chelatliganden ein- bzw. mehrstufig an.
    Notes: Abstract The behaviour of complexes of the type MeD2I2 (Me=Co,D = acetylacetone or benzoylacetone,I = imidazole and derivatives in the course of the stepwise thermal degradation is different. In the case ofD = acetylacetone in the first step acetylacetone is split off. At D = benzoylacetone the decomposition starts with the partial elimination of the heterocyclic ligands. InΒ-position unsubstituted nickelacyclic complexes from type (bipy)Ni(CH2CH2CH2COO) decompose by a reductive elimination and separating of CO2 forming a ‘(bipy)Ni’-intermediate. A single reductive decoupling is hindered by blocking up theΒ-position. Opposite to the high thermal stability of the trimesityl aluminium the intermediates Almes2Cl and AlmesCl2 show with decreasing amounts of mesityl groups and increasing content of halogene, respectively, a significant decreasing thermal stability. The thermal degradation of nickelchelates of alkylsubstituted chinolin-8-ol starts with the dehydration followed by a different separation of the ligands as a function of the chain-length and the position of the substituents of the ligands.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1572-8943
    Keywords: crystal structure ; metal(II) picolinate and quinaldinate ; thermal degradation of imidazole and pyrazole complexes
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract Complexes of the type M(Pa)2(HAz)2 and M(QA)2(HAz)2 (M=cobalt(II) and nickel(II); HPa=picolinic acid, HQa=quinaldic acid; HAz=azoles like imidazole (Him), pyrazole (HPz), benzimidazole (HBzIm) etc.) show a similar thermal behaviour. In the first step of decomposition the corresponding azolinium picolinates or quinaldinates (H2AzPa, H2AzQa) are split off with formation of polymeric mixed ligand complexes M(Pa)(Az) or M(Qa)(Az). X-ray analysis of Co(Qa)2(HBzIm)2 XIIIa illustrates a proton transfer and a subsequent thermal removal of benzimidazolinium quinaldinate (H2BzImQa): Hydrogen bridges from pyrrole nitrogen of the benzimidazole to the non-coordinated oxygen of the quinaldinate predetermine the thermal initiated proton transfer. The high volatility of the heterocyclic acids and the nitrogen coordination are responsible for the formation of the mixed ligand complex Co(Qa)(BzIm) XIVa. Exceptions are the complexes M(Pa)2(HPz)2 XIa-b and M(Qa)2(HIm)2 XVIIa-b. Pyrazole is eliminated from the complexes XIa-b with formation of the solvent-free inner complex M(Pa)2 XIIa-b. From compounds XVIIIa-b quinaldic acid or their decomposition products are split off and a high temperature modification of M(Im)2 XVIIIa-b is formed at elevated temperature. XVIIIa-b are decomposed to the cyanides M(CN)2 similarly to the thermal behaviour of Cu(Im). In the first step the thermal degradation of imidazole and pyrazole adducts of copper(II) picolinates and quinaldinates is characterized by the elimination of azoles. The reason for this thermal behaviour is the weaker coordination of the azole heterocycles in copper chelate compounds.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Nickel complex, Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O ; bis(benzoylpyridin-p-toluensulfonylhydrazido)nickel ; heterocyclic sulfonamido chelates ; crystal structure ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Bis(benzoylpyridin-toluensulfonylhydrazido)nickel Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O  -  Relations between Structure, Redox, and Extraction Properties of Heterocyclic Sulfonamido ChelatesThe crystal structure of Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O was determined by x-ray diffraction: monoclinic, space group P21/c (Nr. 14); a = 15.077(4) Å, b = 14.901(3) Å, c = 16.335(3) Å, β = 95.74(1)°. R = 0.047 for a total of 5564 observed reflexions. Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O has a distorted tetrahedral structure with two six-membered chelate rings, one of them with a boat from. The electron system of the building blocks CNN⊖ within the chelate rings approaches that of a diazallyl group. The result is a high electron density on the sp2-hybridized donor atom N⊖ and, as a consequence, a short Ni—N⊖-distance (1.908 or 1.924 Å). The electronic properties of N⊖ also explain the high NH-acidity of the acid H(BPSH) (pks = 9,51 in 75 per cent dioxane) and the ligand field strength of BPSH⊖ which is low compared to that of other bidentate sulfonamido ligands and which is reflected in the paramagnetism of Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O.The redox behavior of metal chelates of the type, which is represented by Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O, is caused by a building block of the ligand which is also present in bipyridyl or in the 1,4-diaza-1,3-dienes. The central atoms M11 have only the function of interference factors.
    Notes: Die Kristallstruktur von Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O wurde durch Röntgenbeugung bestimmt: monoklin, Raumgruppe P21/c (Nr. 14), a = 15,077(4) Å, b = 14,901(3) Å, c = 16,335(3) Å, β = 95,74(1) ° R = 0,047 für 5564 beobachtete Reflexe. Ni(BPSH)2 ° H2O besitzt eine verzerrt tetraedrische Struktur mit zwei Chelatsechsringen, von denen einer in der Wannenform vorliegt. Die Baugruppen CNN⊖ innerhalb der Ringe weisen ein Elektronensystem auf, das sich an das einer Diazallylfunktion annähert. Die Folge davon ist eine hohe Elektronendichte auf dem sp2-hybridisierten Stickstoffhaftatom N⊖ und ein kurzer Ni—N⊖-Abstand (1,908 bzw. 1,924 Å). Die elektronischen Eigenschaften von N⊖ erklären weiterhin die hohe NH-Acidität der Säure H(BPSH) pks = 9,51 in 75% (Dioxan) und die verglichen mit anderen Sulfonamidochelatliganden geringe Ligandenfeldstärke von BPSH⊖, die sich im Paramagnetismus von Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O äußert.Das Redoxverhalten der Metallchelate des durch Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O repräsentierten Typs wird durch ein Bauelement des Liganden bestimmt, das sich im α, α′-Dipyridyl und in den 1,4-Diaza-1,3-dienen wiederfindet. Metallionen M2+ wirken über das Diazalylsystem lediglich als Störfaktoren.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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