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    ISSN: 1432-8798
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The low expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigens on human papillomavirus (HPV)-infected cervical carcinoma cells may be responsible for an insufficient cytotoxic T cell response against these cells. To investigate in vitro whether the HPV type 16 early gene product E7 influences cell surface expression of MHC class I and II molecules the HPV negative keratinocyte cell line HaCaT was either stably transfected with the E7 gene or infected with E7-recombinant vaccinia viruses. No difference in MHC class I transcription was detected between E7-transfected and untransfected HaCaT cells. MHC class I cell surface expression as determined by FACS analysis was stronger in some of the transfectants and less intensive in others when compared to untransfected HaCaT cells. In wildtype as well as in E7-recombinant vaccinia virus infected HaCaT cells downregulation of MHC class I molecules on protein and transcriptional level was observed. The alterations in MHC class I expression were independent of the presence and amount of E7-specific transcripts. None of the transfectants or infected HaCaT cells had MHC class II molecules on their cell surface. Hence, our data did not show a correlation between HPV 16 E7 and MHC expression in vitro.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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