Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-04-08
    Description: Despite the high prevalence and poor outcome of patients with metastatic lung cancer the mechanisms of tumour progression and metastasis remain largely uncharacterized. Here we modelled human lung adenocarcinoma, which frequently harbours activating point mutations in KRAS and inactivation of the p53 pathway, using conditional alleles in mice. Lentiviral-mediated somatic activation of oncogenic Kras and deletion of p53 in the lung epithelial cells of Kras(LSL-G12D/+);p53(flox/flox) mice initiates lung adenocarcinoma development. Although tumours are initiated synchronously by defined genetic alterations, only a subset becomes malignant, indicating that disease progression requires additional alterations. Identification of the lentiviral integration sites allowed us to distinguish metastatic from non-metastatic tumours and determine the gene expression alterations that distinguish these tumour types. Cross-species analysis identified the NK2-related homeobox transcription factor Nkx2-1 (also called Ttf-1 or Titf1) as a candidate suppressor of malignant progression. In this mouse model, Nkx2-1 negativity is pathognomonic of high-grade poorly differentiated tumours. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments in cells derived from metastatic and non-metastatic tumours demonstrated that Nkx2-1 controls tumour differentiation and limits metastatic potential in vivo. Interrogation of Nkx2-1-regulated genes, analysis of tumours at defined developmental stages, and functional complementation experiments indicate that Nkx2-1 constrains tumours in part by repressing the embryonically restricted chromatin regulator Hmga2. Whereas focal amplification of NKX2-1 in a fraction of human lung adenocarcinomas has focused attention on its oncogenic function, our data specifically link Nkx2-1 downregulation to loss of differentiation, enhanced tumour seeding ability and increased metastatic proclivity. Thus, the oncogenic and suppressive functions of Nkx2-1 in the same tumour type substantiate its role as a dual function lineage factor.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3088778/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3088778/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Winslow, Monte M -- Dayton, Talya L -- Verhaak, Roel G W -- Kim-Kiselak, Caroline -- Snyder, Eric L -- Feldser, David M -- Hubbard, Diana D -- DuPage, Michel J -- Whittaker, Charles A -- Hoersch, Sebastian -- Yoon, Stephanie -- Crowley, Denise -- Bronson, Roderick T -- Chiang, Derek Y -- Meyerson, Matthew -- Jacks, Tyler -- K08 CA154784/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- K99-CA151968/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30 CA014051/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30 CA014051-36/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30 CA014051-37/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30 CA014051-38/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30 CA014051-39/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30 CA014051-40/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30-CA14051/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R00 CA151968/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA109038/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- T32-HL007627/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- U01 CA084306/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- U01 CA084306-11/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- U01 CA084306-12/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- U01 CA084306-13/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- U01-CA84306/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 May 5;473(7345):101-4. doi: 10.1038/nature09881. Epub 2011 Apr 6.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21471965" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adenocarcinoma/genetics/physiopathology ; Animals ; Cell Differentiation ; Cell Line, Tumor ; Disease Models, Animal ; Down-Regulation ; *Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic ; HMGA2 Protein/genetics ; Humans ; Lung Neoplasms/genetics/physiopathology ; Mice ; Nuclear Proteins/*genetics/*metabolism ; Transcription Factors/*genetics/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-03-23
    Description: Journal of the American Chemical Society DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b12868
    Print ISSN: 0002-7863
    Electronic ISSN: 1520-5126
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Keywords: RISK ; animals ; LYMPHOMA ; asthma ; PESTICIDE EXPOSURE ; METAANALYSIS ; BODY-MASS INDEX ; CANCER-MORTALITY
    Abstract: BACKGROUND: The EPILYMPH study applied a detailed occupational exposure assessment approach to a large multi-centre case-control study conducted in six European countries. This paper analysed multiple myeloma (MM) risk associated with level of education, and lifetime occupational history and occupational exposures, based on the EPILYMPH data set. METHODS: 277 MM cases and four matched controls per each case were included. Controls were randomly selected, matching for age (+/- 5 years), centre and gender. Lifetime occupations and lifetime exposure to specific workplace agents was obtained through a detailed questionnaire. Local industrial hygienists assessed likelihood and intensity for specific exposures. The odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals (OR, 95% CI) were calculated for level of education, individual occupations and specific exposures. Unconditional logistic regression models were run for individual occupations and exposures. RESULTS: A low level of education was associated with MM OR=1.68 (95% CI 1.02-2.76). An increased risk was observed for general farmers (OR=1.77; 95% CI 1.05-2.99) and cleaning workers (OR=1.69; 95% CI 1.04-2.72) adjusting for level of education. Risk was also elevated, although not significant, for printers (OR=2.06; 95% CI 0.97-4.34). Pesticide exposure over a period of ten years or more increased MM risk (OR=1.62; 95% CI 1.01-2.58). CONCLUSION: These results confirm an association of MM with farm work, and indicate its association with printing and cleaning. While prolonged exposure to pesticides seems to be a risk factor for MM, an excess risk associated with exposure to organic solvents could not be confirmed.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 23241100
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Keywords: COMBINATION ; PATHWAY ; COMMON ; SUPPORT ; DISEASE ; POPULATION ; GENE ; GENES ; PROTEIN ; PROTEINS ; PATIENT ; DNA ; recombination ; BIOLOGY ; MOLECULAR-BIOLOGY ; ASSOCIATION ; SUSCEPTIBILITY ; VARIANTS ; antibodies ; antibody ; LYMPHOMA ; DNA-REPAIR ; REPAIR ; genetics ; SNP ; NECROSIS-FACTOR-ALPHA ; PATHOGENESIS ; INSTABILITY ; POPULATIONS ; REVEALS ; heredity ; DNA repair ; MULTIPLE-MYELOMA ; BREAST-CANCER RISK ; molecular biology ; molecular ; REGISTRY ; ALLELE ; SNPs ; CHROMOSOMAL INSTABILITY ; CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS ; SINGLE-NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISMS ; INTERVAL ; analysis ; GENOTYPE ; HAPLOTYPE ; HAPLOTYPES ; leukaemia ; odds ratio ; REGISTRIES ; genomic ; GENOMIC ALTERATIONS ; myeloma ; in combination ; CLASS SWITCH RECOMBINATION ; REPAIR GENES ; TAG SNP SELECTION ; XRCC3
    Abstract: Cytogenetic analysis in myeloma reveals marked chromosomal instability. Both widespread genomic alterations and evidence of aberrant class switch recombination, the physiological process that regulates maturation of the antibody response, implicate the DNA repair pathway in disease pathogenesis. We therefore assessed 27 SNPs in three genes (XRCC3, XRCC4 and XRCC5) central to DNA repair in patients with myeloma and controls from the EpiLymph study and from an Irish hospital registry (n = 306 cases, 263 controls). For the haplotype-tagging SNP (htSNP) rs963248 in XRCC4, Allele A was significantly more frequent in cases than in controls (86.4 versus 80.8%; odds ratio 1.51; 95% confidence interval 1.10-2.08; P = 0.0133), as was the AA genotype (74 versus 65%) (P = 0.026). Haplotype analysis was performed using Unphased for rs963248 in combination with additional SNPs in XRCC4. The strongest evidence of association came from the A-T haplotype from rs963248-rs2891980 (P = 0.008). For XRCC5, the genotype GG from rs1051685 was detected in 10 cases from different national populations but in only one control (P = 0.015). This SNP is located in the 3'-UTR of XRCC5. Overall, these data provide support for the hypothesis that common variation in the genes encoding DNA repair proteins contributes to susceptibility to myeloma
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17901044
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract Carvone, the principal component of spearmint oil, induces biodegradation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) by Arthrobacter sp. strain B1B. This study investigated the effectiveness of the repeated application of carvone-induced bacteria for bioremediation of Aroclor-1242-contaminated soil. Control treatments compared a single inoculation of carvone-induced cells, repeated applications of noninduced cells, and repeated applications of cell-free carvone/fructose medium. The results showed that repeated application of carvone-induced bacteria was the most effective treatment for mineralizing PCB, resulting in 27 ± 6% degradation of Aroclor 1242 after 9 weeks; whereas a single application of cells resulted in no significant degradation. Addition of cell-free, carvone/fructose medium resulted in 10% degradation of PCB, which suggests that this treatment stimulated biodegradation of PCB by the indigenous microflora. The di- and trichlorobiphenyls were the most readily degraded congeners. More highly chlorinated congeners, which had been previously shown to be degraded in liquid culture, were not substantially degraded in soil, indicating that low bioavailability may have limited their degradation. With the development of new technology, which permits automated in situ fermentation and delivery of degrader microorganisms, the repeated application of carvone-induced bacteria may facilitate bioremediation of PCB-contaminated soils.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract Partial bioremediation of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-contaminated soil was achieved by repeated applications of PCB-degrading bacteria and a surfactant applied 34 times over an 18-week period. Two bacterial species, Arthrobacter sp. strain B1B and Ralstonia eutrophus H850, were induced for PCB degradation by carvone and salicylic acid, respectively, and were complementary for the removal of different PCB congeners. A variety of application strategies was examined utilizing a surfactant, sorbitan trioleate, which served both as a carbon substrate for the inoculum and as a detergent for the mobilization of PCBs. In soil containing 100 μg Aroclor 1242 g−1 soil, bioaugmentation resulted in 55–59% PCB removal after 34 applications. However, most PCB removal occurred within the first 9 weeks. In contrast, repeated addition of surfactant and carvone to non-inoculated soil resulted in 30–36% PCB removal by the indigenous soil bacteria. The results suggest that bioaugmentation with surfactant-grown, carvone-induced, PCB-degrading bacteria may provide an effective treatment for partial decontamination of PCB-contaminated soils.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract Bioaugmentation has previously been unreliable for the in situ clean-up of contaminated soils because of problems with poor survival and the rapid decline in activity of the bacterial inoculum. In an attempt to solve these problems, a 500-l batch fermenter was investigated for its ability to deliver inoculum repeatedly to contaminated soils via irrigation lines. In a field experiment, mesocosms were filled with 350 kg soil containing 100 mg kg−1 atrazine, and inoculated one, four or eight times with an atrazine-degrading bacterial consortium that was produced in the fermenter. After 12 weeks, no significant degradation of atrazine had occurred in soil that was inoculated only once; whereas, mesocosms inoculated four and eight times mineralized 38% and 72% of the atrazine respectively. Similar results were obtained in a laboratory experiment using soil contaminated with 100 mg kg−1 [14C]atrazine. After 35 days, soil that was inoculated once with 108 cfu ml−1 of the consortium or with the atrazine-degrading bacterium, Pseudomonas sp. strain ADP, mineralized 17% and 35% of the atrazine respectively. In comparison, microcosms inoculated every 3 days with the consortium or with Pseudomonas sp. (ADP) mineralized 64% or 90% of the atrazine over this same period. Results of these experiments suggest that repeated inoculation from an automated fermenter may provide a strategy for bioaugmentation of contaminated soil with xenobiotic-degrading bacteria.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Industrial & engineering chemistry 46 (1954), S. 258-264 
    ISSN: 1520-5045
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 1365-3040
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: To eliminate the confounding effects of microorganisms and to examine the direct utilization of microbial siderophores as iron sources by higher plants, a hydroponic cultural system and methodology was developed to grow plants with axenic roots. This report presents a description of this system, and also its use to determine the efficacy of the microbial siderophore ferrioxamine B (FOB), compared to the synthetic iron chelate FeEDTA, and the phytosiderophores (PS) of barley as an iron source for alleviating iron stress in the model dicot cucumber. It was observed that FOB gave superior plant biomass and was preferentially utilized to restore chlorophyll synthesis in long-term experiments when chelates were supplied at 5mmol m−3 concentrations and nutrient solution was buffered against pH change at 7.4 with solid phase CaCO3. In addition, autoradiograms indicated that 59Fe from FOB was rapidly translocated to shoots through vascular tissues and was specifically distributed to regions of rapid growth and to iron-stressed, but still expanding young leaves. The siderophore itself could be detected within 2h in xylem exudates, regardless of whether or not plants were exposed to metabolic inhibitors. It was concluded that the FOB and iron were taken up by the axenic roots of cucumber in a highly efficient manner, most likely as the iron-siderophore complex, and at rates that could be significant to dicot nutrition. The results also suggested that cucumber may transport FOB through the transpiration stream to upper parts of plants, where the iron would be reductively released from the siderophore for shoot nutrition.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    ISSN: 0098-1273
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: We report flow birefringence observations of polyethylene oxide solutions in a four roll mill where the flow field in the central region of the mill approximates well to that of pure shearing flow. When flow birefringence is observed it is seen to be highly localized within a region close to the “outgoing” asymptotic plane of flow. The phenomenon can be explained in terms of the flow birefringence corresponding to high extension of some polymer chains where the localization is caused by the chains requiring sufficient time in the flow field to become extended. This explanation has important consequences in all “persistently extensional flows” and can explain the origin of previously published results of localized flow birefringence observed for polyethylene solutions in axial compression and axial extensional flows.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...