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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-02-25
    Description: Rare copy number variants (CNVs) have a prominent role in the aetiology of schizophrenia and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Substantial risk for schizophrenia is conferred by large (〉500-kilobase) CNVs at several loci, including microdeletions at 1q21.1 (ref. 2), 3q29 (ref. 3), 15q13.3 (ref. 2) and 22q11.2 (ref. 4) and microduplication at 16p11.2 (ref. 5). However, these CNVs collectively account for a small fraction (2-4%) of cases, and the relevant genes and neurobiological mechanisms are not well understood. Here we performed a large two-stage genome-wide scan of rare CNVs and report the significant association of copy number gains at chromosome 7q36.3 with schizophrenia. Microduplications with variable breakpoints occurred within a 362-kilobase region and were detected in 29 of 8,290 (0.35%) patients versus 2 of 7,431 (0.03%) controls in the combined sample. All duplications overlapped or were located within 89 kilobases upstream of the vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor gene VIPR2. VIPR2 transcription and cyclic-AMP signalling were significantly increased in cultured lymphocytes from patients with microduplications of 7q36.3. These findings implicate altered vasoactive intestinal peptide signalling in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia and indicate the VPAC2 receptor as a potential target for the development of new antipsychotic drugs.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3351382/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3351382/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Vacic, Vladimir -- McCarthy, Shane -- Malhotra, Dheeraj -- Murray, Fiona -- Chou, Hsun-Hua -- Peoples, Aine -- Makarov, Vladimir -- Yoon, Seungtai -- Bhandari, Abhishek -- Corominas, Roser -- Iakoucheva, Lilia M -- Krastoshevsky, Olga -- Krause, Verena -- Larach-Walters, Veronica -- Welsh, David K -- Craig, David -- Kelsoe, John R -- Gershon, Elliot S -- Leal, Suzanne M -- Dell Aquila, Marie -- Morris, Derek W -- Gill, Michael -- Corvin, Aiden -- Insel, Paul A -- McClellan, Jon -- King, Mary-Claire -- Karayiorgou, Maria -- Levy, Deborah L -- DeLisi, Lynn E -- Sebat, Jonathan -- 072894/Z/03/Z/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- GM66232/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- HG04222/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- MH044245/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- MH061399/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- MH071523/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- MH076431/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- MH082945/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- MH083989/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- P41 HG004222/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P41 HG004222-04S1/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P41 HG004222-04S2/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- R00 HL091061/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH061399/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH076431/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH076431-06/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH082945/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH091350/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Mar 24;471(7339):499-503. doi: 10.1038/nature09884. Epub 2011 Feb 23.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Stanley Institute for Cognitive Genomics, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 12824, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21346763" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Cell Line ; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7/genetics ; Cohort Studies ; Cyclic AMP/metabolism ; DNA Copy Number Variations/*genetics ; Female ; Gene Dosage/genetics ; Genes, Duplicate/*genetics ; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/*genetics ; Genome-Wide Association Study ; Humans ; Inheritance Patterns/genetics ; Male ; Pedigree ; Receptors, Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide, Type II/*genetics/metabolism ; Reproducibility of Results ; Schizophrenia/*genetics/metabolism ; Signal Transduction ; Transcription, Genetic/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2012-07-17
    Description: Impairment of the circadian clock has been associated with numerous disorders, including metabolic disease. Although small molecules that modulate clock function might offer therapeutic approaches to such diseases, only a few compounds have been identified that selectively target core clock proteins. From an unbiased cell-based circadian phenotypic screen, we identified KL001, a small molecule that specifically interacts with cryptochrome (CRY). KL001 prevented ubiquitin-dependent degradation of CRY, resulting in lengthening of the circadian period. In combination with mathematical modeling, our studies using KL001 revealed that CRY1 and CRY2 share a similar functional role in the period regulation. Furthermore, KL001-mediated CRY stabilization inhibited glucagon-induced gluconeogenesis in primary hepatocytes. KL001 thus provides a tool to study the regulation of CRY-dependent physiology and aid development of clock-based therapeutics of diabetes.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3589997/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3589997/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Hirota, Tsuyoshi -- Lee, Jae Wook -- St John, Peter C -- Sawa, Mariko -- Iwaisako, Keiko -- Noguchi, Takako -- Pongsawakul, Pagkapol Y -- Sonntag, Tim -- Welsh, David K -- Brenner, David A -- Doyle, Francis J 3rd -- Schultz, Peter G -- Kay, Steve A -- GM074868/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- GM085764/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- GM096873/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- MH051573/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- MH082945/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- P50 GM085764/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM041804/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM074868/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM096873/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH051573/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH082945/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2012 Aug 31;337(6098):1094-7. doi: 10.1126/science.1223710. Epub 2012 Jul 12.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Division of Biological Sciences, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22798407" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: 3T3 Cells ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Carbazoles/chemistry/isolation & purification/*pharmacology ; Cell Line, Tumor ; Circadian Clocks/*drug effects ; Cryptochromes/*agonists/metabolism ; Gluconeogenesis/drug effects/genetics ; Glucose-6-Phosphatase/genetics ; HEK293 Cells ; Hepatocytes/drug effects/metabolism ; Humans ; Liver/cytology/drug effects/metabolism ; Mice ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase (GTP)/genetics ; Protein Stability/drug effects ; Proteolysis/drug effects ; *Small Molecule Libraries ; Sulfonamides/chemistry/isolation & purification/*pharmacology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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