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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-09-03
    Description: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified many risk loci for complex diseases, but effect sizes are typically small and information on the underlying biological processes is often lacking. Associations with metabolic traits as functional intermediates can overcome these problems and potentially inform individualized therapy. Here we report a comprehensive analysis of genotype-dependent metabolic phenotypes using a GWAS with non-targeted metabolomics. We identified 37 genetic loci associated with blood metabolite concentrations, of which 25 show effect sizes that are unusually high for GWAS and account for 10-60% differences in metabolite levels per allele copy. Our associations provide new functional insights for many disease-related associations that have been reported in previous studies, including those for cardiovascular and kidney disorders, type 2 diabetes, cancer, gout, venous thromboembolism and Crohn's disease. The study advances our knowledge of the genetic basis of metabolic individuality in humans and generates many new hypotheses for biomedical and pharmaceutical research.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3832838/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3832838/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Suhre, Karsten -- Shin, So-Youn -- Petersen, Ann-Kristin -- Mohney, Robert P -- Meredith, David -- Wagele, Brigitte -- Altmaier, Elisabeth -- CARDIoGRAM -- Deloukas, Panos -- Erdmann, Jeanette -- Grundberg, Elin -- Hammond, Christopher J -- de Angelis, Martin Hrabe -- Kastenmuller, Gabi -- Kottgen, Anna -- Kronenberg, Florian -- Mangino, Massimo -- Meisinger, Christa -- Meitinger, Thomas -- Mewes, Hans-Werner -- Milburn, Michael V -- Prehn, Cornelia -- Raffler, Johannes -- Ried, Janina S -- Romisch-Margl, Werner -- Samani, Nilesh J -- Small, Kerrin S -- Wichmann, H-Erich -- Zhai, Guangju -- Illig, Thomas -- Spector, Tim D -- Adamski, Jerzy -- Soranzo, Nicole -- Gieger, Christian -- 091746/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 091746/Z/10/Z/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 1R01HL103931-01/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- HL087647/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- MOP172605/Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- MOP77682/Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- MOP-82810/Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- N01-AG-12100/AG/NIA NIH HHS/ -- N01-HC-55015/HC/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- N01-HC-55016/HC/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- N01-HC-55018/HC/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- N01-HC-55019/HC/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- N01-HC-55020/HC/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- N01-HC-55021/HC/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- N01-HC-55022/HC/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- P01 HL098055/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- P01HL076491-06/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- P01HL087018/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- R01 HL087647/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- R01 HL087676/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- R01DK080732/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01HL089650-02/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council/United Kingdom -- British Heart Foundation/United Kingdom -- Cancer Research UK/United Kingdom -- Intramural NIH HHS/ -- Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- England -- Nature. 2011 Aug 31;477(7362):54-60. doi: 10.1038/nature10354.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Institute of Bioinformatics and Systems Biology, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany. karsten@suhre.fr〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21886157" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; *Biomedical Research ; Blood/metabolism ; Child ; Chronic Disease ; Coronary Artery Disease/genetics ; Diabetes Mellitus/genetics ; *Drug Industry ; Female ; Genetic Loci/genetics ; *Genetic Variation ; *Genome-Wide Association Study ; Genotype ; Humans ; Male ; Metabolism/*genetics ; Metabolomics ; Middle Aged ; Pharmacogenetics ; Renal Insufficiency/genetics ; Risk Factors ; Venous Thromboembolism/genetics ; Young Adult
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0378-1119
    Keywords: Recombinant DNA ; fibrinolysis ; immuno-activity assay ; oligodeoxynucleotide synthesizer
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-8798
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Herpes simplex virus type-1 structural proteins were solubilized in formic acid and purified by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography. Purified proteins have been used to prepare monospecific polyclonal antibodies which neutralized virus infectivity in vitro.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: A case is described in which the initial manifestation of a malignant lymphoma was an erythematous skin rash over the face, scalp and trunk. Immunological surface marker analysis showed the malignant cells to be of B lymphocyte origin with a homogeneous secretion of IgM-k. Repeated skin and lymph node biopsies and finally post mortem documented the progression of the lymphoma from that of a mixed lymphocytic-histiocytic type with a nodular pattern of growth to a diffuse histiocytic lymphoma with frequently bizarre cells. The theory of ecotaxis or homing of lymphocytes to the skin and other non-lymphoid organs of the body is discussed in an attempt to explain the occurrence of cutaneous involvement as a primary manifestation of lymphcma.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1420-9071
    Keywords: Key words. PepT1; PepT2; epithelia; β-lactam antibiotics; PTR2; oligopeptide transport; apical membrane; basolateral membrane.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. The cotransport of protons and peptides is now recognised as a major route by which dietary nitrogen is absorbed from the intestine, and filtered protein reabsorbed in the kidney. Recently, molecular biology has had a very substantial impact on the study of peptide transport, and here we review the molecular and functional information available within the framework of physiology. To this end we consider not only the mammalian peptide transporters and their tissue distribution and regulation but also those from other species (including Caenorhabditis elegans) which make up the proton-dependent oligopeptide transport superfamily. In addition, understanding the binding requirements for transported substrates may allow future design and targeted tissue delivery of peptide and peptidomimetic drugs. Finally, we aim to highlight some of the less well understood areas of peptide transport, in the hope that it will stimulate further research into this challenging yet exciting topic.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 195 (1962), S. 92-93 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] A Hirst spore trap8 was operated in a banana plantation near Old Harbour from November 1, 1961, until January 26, 1962. Methods of operating the trap and estimating atmospheric spore concentration (expressed here as number of spores per cubic metre of air) were those of Hirst8'9. No corrections for ...
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 190 (1961), S. 555-557 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat. is a widespread saprophyte and wound-parasite on a considerable range of hosts in the tropics. It is an important parasite of bananas in storage, causing several forms of fruit-rot7'8. The pycnospores are elliptical, at first unicellular and hyaline, becoming brown ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 187 (1960), S. 961-962 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] A serious spotting of Lacatan bananas known in Jamaica as 'speckle' or 'swamp-spot' causes considerable wastage, particularly during rainy seasons. Fruit-spot may be observed in the field on fruit at all stages of maturity, the intensity of spotting increases with maturity being most noticeable at ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 201 (1964), S. 214-215 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] In the investigations recorded here, carried out in Jamaica and Honduras, variously aged Lacatan and Giant Cavendish bananas were examined for the presence of naturally occurring appressoria of G. musarum. Before doing this, however, it was necessary to determine whether these structures are ...
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 179 (1957), S. 682-683 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] With unsterilized sections, the substrate favours growth of wood-rotting basidiomycetes and, to a lesser extent, blue-stain fungi; with autoclaved sections a variety of other fungi predominate, basidiomycetes being largely suppressed by competition. The surface spore population of pine needles is ...
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