Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
In this open label, multicentre trial, 44 patients with clinical and mycological evidence of Candida onychomycosis were treated with itraconazole pulse therapy. Onychomycosis of the toes alone and concomitant disease involving the fingers and toes was treated with three pulses, and onychomycosis of the fingers alone with two pulses. Final evaluation for patients with finger and toe onychomycosis was at 6–9 months and 9–12 months, respectively. There were 29 patients with toe onychomycosis (C. albicans, 27; C. glabrata, one; Candida species, one), 12 patients with finger onychomycosis (C. albicans, two; C. glabrata, one) and three patients had combined toe and finger onychomycosis (C. albicans, two; C. guillermondii, one). In the patients with toe onychomycosis mycological cure was observed in 29 of 32 patients (90.6%). There was complete cure [mycological cure (negative culture and KOH at endpoint evaluation) with clinical cure] or marked improvement (mycological cure with 75% or greater decrease in area of involvement of target nail compared with pretherapy) in 24 of 32 patients (75.0%). All 12 patients with finger onychomycosis alone due to Candida species achieved a mycological cure (100%). In this group of patients complete cure or marked improvement was observed in 11 of 12 patients (91.7%). Itraconazole pulse therapy was well tolerated and no serious adverse events were reported in the patients treated with this triazole. In conclusion, itraconazole pulse therapy is an effective and safe treatment for both finger and toe onychomycosis associated with Candida.
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