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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: prescribing habits ; psychotropics ; drug utilization ; methodology
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The prescription of psychotropic drugs at a multidoctor district health centre in northern Sweden in 1973, was analysed by means of problemoriented medical records. Of the 22,000 inhabitants of the district 10,700 consulted the health centre. Psychotropic drugs were prescribed for 11.3% of the patients, corresponding to 5% of the inhabitants of the area. Sixty per cent of the patients received one psychotropic prescription and 90% not more than three. Two-thirds of prescriptions were for women. Hypnotics, sedatives and minor tranquillisers constituted 64% of all prescriptions, major tranquillisers 24% and antidepressants 12%. One fifth of the patients obtained drugs belonging to more than one of the major psychotropic groups during the year. Insomnia, psychoneurosis and depression made up two-thirds of the indications for psychotropic drug therapy. More than thirty different psychotropic drugs were prescribed for the two major indications. There was considerable variation in how the different doctors prescribed drugs for the same indication. Fifty-nine different drug products were prescribed, of which the commonest five constituted more than half of the total number. Individual doctors used from 22 to 38 different psychotropic drugs.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: drug utilization ; antibiotics ; paediatric prescribing ; childhood ; Swedish Diagnosis and Therapy Survey ; international comparison ; therapeutic traditions
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The prescribing of medicines for ambulant children below 14 years of age has been compared between Tenerife (Spain) and Sweden. Data obtained from a random sample of 1327 children in a prospective study in Tenerife were compared with data from 3901 children in a Swedish survey linking diagnosis and therapy. Upper respiratory tract infection was the main diagnosis in both countries and antibiotics was the most frequently prescribed drug group (28.2% in Tenerife and 28.8% in Sweden). Half of the children in Sweden did not receive any medication, but only 10% of those in Tenerife did not receive a prescription. Children who received a prescription on average got 1.4 drugs in Sweden and 2.3 in Spain. Amongst the ten most commonly prescribed products in Sweden there were 11 active pharmacological principles as compared to 25 in Spain. These most frequently used preparations accounted for two thirds of all the prescriptions for children in Sweden and one third in Tenerife. In conclusion, drugs were significantly more often used to treat paediatric outpatients in Tenerife than in Sweden. The prescribing physician in Spain also chose a wider variety of drugs and more commonly used fixed combination products.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1600-0838
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine , Sports Science
    Notes: In several studies estimated energy intake has been found to be low compared with estimated energy expenditure in female athletes. It has therefore been suggested that female athletes may have a depressed basal energy expenditure (BMR). The main purpose of the present study was to explore this possibility by measuring BMR in physically extremely active females. Eight female dancers and 7 controls with low physical activity, all musicians, were studied; the variables measured included body weight, height, skinfold thickness and total body potassium. BMR was measured by indirect calorimetry. In conclusion, the present study lends no support to the idea of a lowered basal metabolic rate in female athletes as an explanation of the general finding of a lower estimated energy intake than energy expenditure in this type of subjects.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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