capillary zone electrophoresis
high performance liquid chromatography
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Purpose. Capillary zone electrophoresis with isotachophoretic sample preconcentration (ITP-CZE) and reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) with UV detection and on-line coupling to electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry were investigated for their potential to separate and identify fragments of recombinant human interleukin-6 formed during acidic stress of the parent protein. Results. Based on the orthogonal separation principles governing ITP-CZE and RP-HPLC, different peak patterns were observed using both methods. The selectivity of ESI-MS allowed identification of several co-migrating compounds. Data obtained by on-line ESI-MS were compared to results from off-line investigations by MALDI-TOF-MS performed with single fractions collected from the RP-HPLC system. Cleavage of the protein backbone occurred preferably at acid-labile Asp-sites. The total amount of rhIL-6 needed for ITP-CZE-ESI-MS identification of all fragments was only in the upper femtomole range, while RP-HPLC required amounts of protein three orders of magnitude higher. On the other hand, the low CE sample volume opposes the collection of fractions to perform off-line analysis. Conclusions. Growing acceptance of CE with on-line MS detection for pharmaceutical quality control of proteins is expected.
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