Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
When activated by its ligand, the interleukin receptor type I (IL-1RI) transduces signals in cooperation with the IL-1 receptor accessory protein (IL-1RacP). In contrast, IL-1RII functions as a decoy receptor without participating in IL-1 signalling. Brain astrocytes are cellular targets of IL-1 and play a pivotal role in brain responses to inflammation. The regulation of IL-1 receptors on astrocytes by anti-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-4 and IL-10 has not been studied, despite its importance for understanding the way these cells respond to IL-1. Using RT-PCR, we first showed that the expression of IL-1RI and IL-1RII, but not IL-1RacP, mRNAs are up-regulated by IL-1β in a time-dependent manner. Using a radioligand binding technique, we then showed that astrocytes display an equivalent number of IL-1RI and IL-1RII. IL-1β decreases the number of IL-1RI binding sites, whereas it increases those of IL-1RII. IL-4 and IL-10 both up-regulate IL-1RII IL-1β-induced, but only IL-4 does so for IL-1RI. At the protein level, IL-4 and IL-10 dramatically reverse the ability of IL-1β to inhibit expression of IL-1RI but neither affects the ability of IL-1β to enhance the number of IL-1RII. Collectively, these results establish the existence of receptor cross-talk between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines on a critical type of cell that regulates inflammatory events in the brain.
Type of Medium: