Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary A comparison of the pathogenicity in mice of the recombinant herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) strain HSV-1-M- LacZ, in which the UL56 gene has been deleted, was made with its parental strain F, following infection in different mouse strains. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique was used to study the migration of virus DNA in the mouse model. Tissues from adult mice infected intraperitoneally (IP) with one of three HSV-1 strains (F, HFEM or HSV-1-LacZ) were examined for the presence of viral DNA. DNA of the pathogenic strain F was detected in the adrenal glands, spinal cord, brain, liver and pancreas. DNA of HSV-1-M-LacZ was detected in the same tissues. However, DNA of the apathogenic strain HFEM was detected transiently (on days 2 and 3 p.i., but not days 1, 5 or 7), only in the adrenal glands and no viral DNA was detected in any of the other tissues. HSV-1 pathogenic strains injected intraperitoneally into newborn mice (7 days old) killed most of the mice. In the surviving mice viral DNA of the three virus strains was found in peritoneal exudate cells (PEC), adrenal glands, spinal cord, liver and spleen. It was found that HSV-1-M-LacZ, which lacks the UL56 gene, resembled in pathogenicity to the newborn mice the pathogenic HSV-1 strains F and KOS. The PCR technique was used to trace viral DNA in tissues of the mice which survived HSV-1 infection at 7 weeks of age. Only HSV-1 (KOS) DNA was detected in the pancreas. The brains of these mice did not contain viral DNA. It is suggested that HSV-1 DNA may reside in surviving HSV-1- infected newborn mice in a “latent” state in nonneural tissues.
Type of Medium: