Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Six vinyl phosphonates have been synthesized and evaluated as grafts on poly(ethylene terephthalate) for their flame retardance properties. Diethylvinyl phosphonate was used as a model for phosphorus-containing flame retardants in developing the methodology for localizing flame retardants either on the surface of the filament or uniformly throughout it. SEM-X-ray microprobe techniques were used in the verification of the location of the flame retardant in the filament. The flame retardance efficiency of poly(diethyl vinyl phosphonate) was then correlated with its location in the filament. Other grafted phosphorus-containing flame retardants showed a range of efficiencies that depended not only upon the location of the graft within the filament but also upon the %P in the compound. The wide variations in flame retardance efficiencies of copolymers and terpolymers were attributed to large variations in the melt viscosity of the different grafted materials. The grafts showed only small changes in tenacity and large increases in elongation.
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