Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Summary The pig kidney cell line LLC-PK1 cultured on a collagen coated membrane filter formed a continuous sheet of oriented asymmetrical epithelial cells joined by occluding junctions. A transepithelial electrical potential (PD) and short-circuit current (SCC) were dependent on the presence of Na and sugar in the apical bathing solution. In the presence of 5.5mm d-glucose, a PD of 2.8 mV, apical surface negative, a SCC of 13 μA cm−2 and transepithelial resistance of 211 ohm·cm2 were recorded. The SCC was promptly reduced by the addition of phlorizin to the apical bath but unaffected when placed in the basolateral bath. The effect on SCC of various sugars was compared by the concentrations required for half-maximal SCC: 0.13mm β-methyl-d-glucoside, 0.28mm d-glucose, 0.65mm α-methyl-d-glucoside, 0.77mm 6-deoxy-d-glucose, 4.8mm d-galactose, and 29mm 3-O-methyl-glucose. When [Na] was reduced, the concentration ofd-glucose required for half-maximal SCC increased. Isotopically labeled3H and14Cd-glucose were used to simultaneously determine bidirectional fluxes; a resultant net apical-to-basolateral transport was present and abolished by phlorizin. The transported isotope cochromatographed with labeledd-glucose, indicating negligible metabolism of transported glucose. The pig kidney cell line, LLC-PK1, provides a cell culture model for the investigation of mechanisms of transepithelial glucose transport.
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