Key words Prenyl hydroquinone
Mouse air pouch
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract A series of prenyl hydroquinone derivatives synthesized as structural analogs of marine products were tested for their effects on inflammatory responses in vitro and in vivo. 2-Prenyl-1,4-hydroquinone (H1), 2-diprenyl-1,4-hydroquinone (H2), 2-triprenyl-1,4-hydroquinone (H3) and 2-tetraprenyl-1,4-hydroquinone (H4) scavenged reactive oxygen species and inhibited 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) activity in human neutrophils. The inhibition of 5-LO activity was demonstrated in vivo in the mouse air pouch injected with zymosan and arachidonic acid-induced ear inflammation. The four compounds suppressed the production of tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα) in J774 cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and also in vivo in the mouse air pouch injected with zymosan. In addition, all prenyl-hydroquinones inhibited the release of nitrite and PGE2 in LPS-stimulated J774 cells, without direct effects on cyclo-oxygenase-1 (COX-1), cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) or inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) activities in several cell-free systems. The reduction in the length of the lateral chain in prenyl-hydroquinones (1-4 isoprene units) with respect to their marine analogs (7-8 isoprene units) has improved the anti-inflammatory activity of this class of compounds. Marine natural products may be a model to design new anti-inflammatory agents.
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