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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Keywords: Physarum polycephalum ; Amoebae ; Aminopeptidases ; Acid proteases ; Regulation ; Development ; Differential gene activity
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The cultivation of Physarum polycephalum amoebae in two media with different protein contents revealed a regulation of aminopeptidases and proteases depending on the albumin content of the medium: in growing amoebae and plasmodia the aminopeptidases have similar isoenzyme patterns and relative activities against nitroanilides. One alanine and four leucine aminopeptidase isoenzymes were found within the slightly acid pH range. During growth amoebae secrete—different from plasmodia—leucine aminopeptidase into the medium with low protein content. In an albumin-rich medium additional alanine aminopeptidase activity was found. Out of nine plasmodial proteases four were found in amoebae too. Only one band (pI 3.6) was present in the protein-poor medium. No protease activity could be detected in the proteinrich medium.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1615-6102
    Keywords: Physarum ; Commitment ; Development ; Tubulin ; Flagellation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Amoebae of strain CLof Physarum polycephalum undergo apogamic development to form multinucleate plasmodia. During the amoebalplasmodial transition, large uninucleate cells become irreversibly committed to plasmodium development. In developing cultures, amoebae lose the ability to flagellate before they become committed. Enriched suspensions of committed cells can be obtained by inducing asynchronous differentiating cultures to flagellate and passing the cells through a glass bead column. Committed cells can be cultured to form plasmodia on bacterial lawns or in axenic liquid medium but cannot be cultured on axenic agar medium. Uninucleate committed cells express tubulin isotypes characteristic of amoebae, but after culture in axenic liquid medium, the cells express plasmodial specific tubulin isotypes.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1615-6102
    Keywords: Cell cycle ; Development ; Physarum ; Slime mould
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary In strain CL ofPhysarum polycephalum, multinucleate, haploid plasmodia form within clones of uninucleate, haploid amoebae. Analysis of plasmodium development, using time-lapse cinematography, shows that binucleate cells arise from uninucleate cells, by mitosis without cytokinesis. Either one or both daughter cells, from an apparently normal amoebal division, can enter an extended cell cycle (28.7 hours compared to the 11.8 hours for vegetative amoebae) that ends in the formation of a binucleate cell. This long cycle is accompanied by extra growth; cells that become binucleate are twice as big as amoebae at the time of mitosis. Nuclear size also increases during the extended cell cycle: flow cytometric analysis indicates that this is not associated with an increase over the haploid DNA content. During the extended cell cycle uninucleate cells lose the ability to transform into flagellated cells and also become irreversibly committed to plasmodium development. It is shown that commitment occurs a maximum of 13.5 hours before binucleate cell formation and that loss of ability to flagellate precedes commitment by 3–5 hours. Plasmodia develop from binucleate cells by cell fusions and synchronous mitoses without cytokinesis.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Asynchronous amoebal cultures of temperature-sensitive mutants of Physarum polycephalum were examined cytologically, and two cell cycle mutants were identified. Genetic analysis indicated that each mutant carried a single mutation that was expressed in both amoebal and plasmodial phases. Thus it is possible to isolate cell cycle mutations expressed in plasmodia by initial isolation and analysis of amoebal mutants, a quicker procedure than the alternative of isolating plasmodial mutants directly. The two mutants were studied further by measuring nuclear DNA contents and synthesis of macromolecules. Both mutants gave results consistent with a block in nuclear division.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1615-6102
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Strain CL ofPhysarum polycephalum forms multinucleate plasmodia within clones of uninucleate amoebae. The plasmodia have the same nuclear DNA content as the amoebae. Analysis of plasmodial development, using time-lapse cinematography, showed that binucleate cells were formed as a result of nuclear division in uninucleate cells. Binucleate cells developed into plasmodia by further nuclear divisions and cell fusions. No fusions involving uninucleate cells were observed. A temporary increase in cell and nuclear size occurred at the time of binucleate cell formation.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 185 (1960), S. 780-781 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] The spores of Physarum polycephalum release uninucleate amoabse which, after a variable number of divisions, fuse in some unknown way to form the acellular, multinucleate plasmodium. The plasmo-dium increases in size and, under suitable conditions, produces spores. A plasmodium, kindly supplied by ...
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 215 (1967), S. 832-834 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] After plasmodial fusion between certain strains of Physarum polycephalum there is a lethal reaction which may end in the total destruction of one or both ...
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1550-7408
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: SYNOPSIS. The life cycle of the true slime mold Physarum polycephalum includes 2 vegetative stages: the multinucleate coenocytic plasmodium and the uninucleate amoeba. A clone of amoebae established from a single spore does not normally yield plasmodia. Plasmodia are formed when amoebae from particular clones are mixed; thus plasmodium formation is said to be controlled by a ‘mating-type’ system.Previous work by the author with a sample of P. polycephalum derived from a single source revealed that 2 mating types were present and were determined by a pair of alleles at 1 locus. The present paper reveals the presence of 2 more mating types in a sample of P. polycephalum derived from a different source and provides evidence that these are determined by 2 alleles at the same locus as the other 2.Evidence for the presence of other inherited factors affecting plasmodium formation, the mode of action of these factors and possible explanations for the occurrence of plasmodia in single-spore cultures are also discussed.
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