Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy of docetaxel in recurrent supratentorial malignant gliomas. The sample size of the study was determined by the Gehan's method for a response rate of 20% and a β error of 5%. In the first step 14 patients (age 27–69, median 50; Karnofsky index 50–90, median 75) with recurrent malignant glioma after surgery, radiotherapy and nitrosourea, were enrolled (12 glioblastomas, 2 anaplastic astrocytomas). Docetaxel at the initial dose of 80 mg/m2 was administered every 3 weeks until progression or unacceptable toxicity. A total of 41 cycles was administered. Patients received a median of two cycles (range 1–6). No complete or partial response was observed. Therefore, according to the design of the study, no additional patients were enrolled and the trial was terminated. Two stabilizations were observed (14 and 15 weeks). Median TTP was 7 weeks (44 days). Median overall survival from recurrence was 26.5 weeks (6.4 months). Grade 3–4 neutropenia was observed in 8 patients (57%) but no life-threatening toxicity was observed. Other toxicities were uncommon and mild. Dose reduction was performed in 5 patients. This study suggests that docetaxel displayed no significant activity in patients with malignant recurrent gliomas.
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