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    Keywords: CELL-PROLIFERATION ; MESSENGER-RNA ; FACTOR-KAPPA-B ; DIABETIC-NEPHROPATHY ; ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY ; STAGE EMBRYONIC-DEVELOPMENT ; LECTIN-LIKE DOMAIN ; COLD-SHOCK DOMAIN ; CHEMICAL ANOXIA ; TUBULAR CELLS
    Abstract: Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is the leading cause of ARF. A pathophysiologic role of the coagulation system in renal IRI has been established, but the functional relevance of thrombomodulin (TM)-dependent activated protein C (aPC) generation and the intracellular targets of aPC remain undefined. Here, we investigated the role of TM-dependent aPC generation and therapeutic aPC application in a murine renal IRI model and in an in vitro hypoxia and reoxygenation (HR) model using proximal tubular cells. In renal IRI, endogenous aPC levels were reduced. Genetic or therapeutic reconstitution of aPC efficiently ameliorated renal IRI independently of its anticoagulant properties. In tubular cells, cytoprotective aPC signaling was mediated through protease activated receptor-1- and endothelial protein C receptor-dependent regulation of the cold-shock protein Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1). The mature 50 kD form of YB-1 was required for the nephro- and cytoprotective effects of aPC in vivo and in vitro, respectively. Reduction of mature YB-1 and K48-linked ubiquitination of YB-1 was prevented by aPC after renal IRI or tubular HR injury. aPC preserved the interaction of YB-1 with the deubiquitinating enzyme otubain-1 and maintained expression of otubain-1, which was required to reduce K48-linked YB-1 ubiquitination and to stabilize the 50 kD form of YB-1 after renal IRI and tubular HR injury. These data link the cyto- and nephroprotective effects of aPC with the ubiquitin-proteasome system and identify YB-1 as a novel intracellular target of aPC. These insights may provide new impetus for translational efforts aiming to restrict renal IRI.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 26015455
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