Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
The nucleating activity of antimony catalyst remnants on the melt crystallization of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) is proved through comparisons, for samples with Sb concentrations in the range 180-1850 ppm, of the crystallization behaviors before and after a complete extraction of the catalyst remnants. These comparisons are performed by analysis of the crystallization peaks of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), by the study of the isothermal crystallization kinetics from X-ray diffraction experiments, and by optical microscopy observations of the size of the spherulites. The dependence of the crystallization temperature (Tc, as evaluated by the position of the DSC peak) on the Sb concentration, reported in the literature, is shown to be largely overestimated. In particular, it is found that the Tc of commercial samples are essentially unaffected by the presence of the standard concentrations of Sb catalyst remnants. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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