Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
Abstract Toxicity caused by heavy metals in environmental samples can be assessed by performing a suite of toxicity identification evaluation (TIE) methods. The behavior of metals during TIEs can vary greatly according to sample matrix. Some approaches and precautions in using TIE to identify metal toxicants in a sample are discussed, using case studies from three effluent and one sediment TIEs. These approaches include responses of metals that erroneously suggest the presence of other toxicants, the bioavailability of metals retained by glass-fiber filtration, and cautionary steps in Phase III to avoid dilution water effects on sample toxicity.
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