Extracellular action potential
Intracellular action potential duration
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract The power spectra of bipolarly recorded extracellular action potentials (EAPs) generated by an infinite, homogeneous, excitable fibre in an infinite, resistive, isotropic and homogeneous volume conductor were theoretically analysed. The changes in the power spectrum of EAP, which occurred as a result of alterations in the propagation velocity v and duration Tin of the intracellular action potential IAP, were analytically determined for bipolar parallel and radial electrodes with a small interpole distance. It was found that the sensitivity of the spectral characteristics to alteration in v, Tin and/or the IAP asymmetry substantially depends on the fibre-electrode distance; information on the IAP fast changes, that seems to be lost in unipolar recording as a result of the filtering effect of the fibre-electrode distance, can be restored. The orientation of the recording electrode need not be taken into account when a qualitative analysis is carried out, but when a quantitative analysis has to be performed, then the electrode orientation has a significant influence. A method is suggested for determination of the fibres' orientation by means of the spectrum of EAPs recorded bipolarly. The selectivity of the bipolar electrodes is analysed.
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