metastatic colorectal cancer
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Purpose: This multicenter phase II study was designed to assess the efficacy of the alternating schedule of irinotecan (CPT-11) with bolus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and leucovorin (LV) in first-line chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). Patients and methods: Patients with histologically proven metastatic colorectal cancer, and at least one bidimensionally measurable lesion, aged 18–70, with performance status ≤2, normal baseline biological values and no prior chemotherapy (or only adjuvant chemotherapy completed ≥6 months before study entry) were selected. Treatment was irinotecan 350 mg/m2, i.v., day 1, alternating with leucovorin 20 mg/m2 i.v. and 5-FU 425 mg/m2, i.v. daily for five consecutive days, day 22–26 (Mayo Clinic regimen). One alternating cycle was to be performed every six weeks. Patients were evaluated for efficacy every alternating cycle. Treatment was administered until five alternating cycles, disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or patient refusal. Results: Thirty-three patients (28 chemotherapy-naïve and five with prior adjuvant treatment completed 〉1 year prior to accrual) were enrolled. The objective response rate (RR) was 30% (95% CI: 16–49; 10 patients/33; nine partial response and one complete response). All responses were reviewed by an independent external review committee. An additional 49% of patients had stable disease. The median survival was 16 months, the one year survival amounted to 58% and the median progression free survival was 7.2 months. Relative dose intensity was nearly 90% for both drugs. Grade 3–4 diarrhea and neutropenia were the most frequent severe toxic events, seen in 24% and 64% of patients, respectively. Conclusions: The alternating schedule of CPT-11 350 mg/m2 with five days bolus of 5-FU and low dose LV is an active and feasible regimen as front-line therapy for metastatic CRC. It is well tolerated, without evidence of overlapping toxicity. The response rate appears promising with regard to that expected with either single agent. This regimen warrants further assessment in randomized trials.
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