Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Summary The influence of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis on cytokinin activity in Citrus jambhiri Lush, seedlings was investigated. C. jambhiri inoculated with cultures of Glomus caledonium (Nicol. and Gerd.), G. epigaeum (Dan. and Trappe), G. etunicatum (Becker and Gerd.), G. fasciculatum Thaxt. (Gerd, and Trappe) or G. mosseae (Nicol and Gerd.) was grown from seed for 105 days in a glasshouse. Cytokinin activity in roots and leaves of seedlings was analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry and a bioassay. Seedling leaf tissue had greater cytokinin activity than root tissue. Zeatin, zeatin riboside, and their dihydro- and glucoside derivatives were isolated from leaves of 105-day-old seedlings inoculated with G. fasciculatum and G. mosseae. Cytokinin activity in roots and leaves was associated with differences in seedling total dry weight and vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization. The ribose moiety and the saturated side chain apparently influence cytokinin transport and physiological activity in Citrus seedlings.
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