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  • 1
    ISSN: 1434-193X
    Keywords: Chirality ; Dendrimers ; Fullerenes ; Lipofullerenes ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: ---The facile synthesis of enantiomerically pure C3-symmetrical fullerene dendrimers all-R-fA-7, all-S-fC-8, all-R-fC-9, and all-S-fA-10, as well as lipofullerenes all-S-fA-11 and all-S-fC-12 involving an octahedral [3:3] addition pattern is described. The C3 symmetrical tris[bis(4-phenyl-2-oxazoline)methano]fullerenes 1, 2, 3, and 4 with known absolute configuration were used as precursors. The completion of the octahedral addition pattern was achieved by a threefold cyclopropanation with the dendritic 3,5-dihydroxybenzylic bromomalonate 5 and the lipophilic dioctadecyl bromomalonate 6. The absolute configurations of the precursor trisadducts were retained in the inherently chiral C3-symmetrical hexakisadducts 7-12. The structure and the isomeric purity of all hexakisadducts 7-12 were unambiguously proven by NMR spectroscopy and other techniques. Preliminary experiments with the dendritic hexakisadducts all-S-fC 8 and all-S-fA 10 revealed that these macromolecular ligands posess catalytic properties with respect to stereoselective cyclopropanations of styrene with ethyl diazoacetate.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1434-193X
    Keywords: Chirality ; Circular dichroism ; Cycloadditions ; Fullerenes ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A series of regioisomeric trisadducts of C60 (5-11, 14-18) having the positional relationships e and trans-n (n = 2-4) resulting from successive additions of malonates or bis(oxazolines) to [6,6]-double bonds of the fullerene framework has been isolated and characterized. The new adducts 8-11 and 15-17 represent examples of unprecedented addition patterns. The addition patterns of the new trisadducts with C2, Cs or C1 symmetry have been assigned on the basis of the known positional relationships of the addends in their precursor bisadducts, and those of the C2- or Cs-symmetric representatives have been verified by analysis of their NMR spectra. The absolute configurations of the adducts with inherently chiral addition patterns could be determined either by comparison of the calculated and experimental CD spectra of the bis(oxazoline) adducts or with knowledge of the absolute configurations of the chiral bisadduct precursors containing bis(oxazoline) addends. The CD spectra of the pairs of diastereomers with an enantiomeric addition pattern fA -15/fC -15, fA -16/fC -16, and fA -18/fC -18 show mirror image behavior and pronounced Cotton effects.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0947-6539
    Keywords: additions ; fullerenes ; regioselectivity ; semiempirical calculations ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Three series of regioisomeric bisadducts of C60, namely, C62(anisyl)4 and the mixed systems C62(anisyl)2-(COOEt)2, and C61(COOEt)2(NCOOEt), were synthesized starting from the 1,2-monoadducts C61(COOEt)2 (1), C61-(anisyl)2 (2), and C60(NCOOEt) (4) by using the Bingel and Bamford-Stevens reactions, and nitrene additions. In the case of C61(COOEt)2(NCOOEt) the complete series of nine possible regioisomers were isolated for the first time. For steric reasons the cis-1 isomers of C62(anisyl)4 and C62(anisyl)2(COOEt)2 were not formed. The transannular [6,6] bonds in the cis-1 isomer 42 of C61(COOEt)2(NCOOEt) are closed. The properties and regioselectivities of formation of these bisadducts and their monoadduct precursors were compared with those of the series C62-(COOEt)4 and C60(NCOOEt)2, which we synthesized previously. In the additions to 1, 2, and 4 the preferred positions of attack are e and trans-3 for sterically demanding addends (e.g., combinations of C(anisyl)2 and C(COOEt)2) and cis-1, e, and trans-3 for sterically less demanding addends (e.g., combinations of N(COOEt) and C(COOEt)2). A detailed analysis of the MO structures, the experimental and calculated geometries of monoadduct precursors, and the stabilities of reaction products leads to the conclusion that the addend-independent cage distortion itself is responsible for the observed regioselectivities of bisadduct formations.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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