Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Two tyrosinase isozymes were purified from pigmented hamster melanoma and injected i.v. into rats. It was shown that while T1 (sialylated) isozyme survived in the circulation, native asialo (T2) isozyme and neuraminidase-desialylated T1 isozyme disappeared from the circulation in a few minutes. Desialylated fetuin had a marked inhibitory effect on the removal of asialo-T1 tyrosinase. These data indicate that the enzyme tyrosinase shares the common pattern of clearance from circulation known for the majority of serum glycoproteins. The electrophoretic pattern of tyrosinase isozymes partially purified from the sera of melanoma-bearing animals were compared with those from the suluble fraction of the tumors. In hamsters, melanoma tissue revealed both T1 and T2 isozymes while serum exhibited T1 and very weak T2, supporting the mechanism of clearance demonstrated in rats. In mice bearing Cloudman S-91 or B-16 melanomas, only T1 isozyme was seen in sera and in tumors.
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