Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The distribution of GABA-immunoreactivity was studied in the brain of the silver eel (Anguilla anguilla) by means of antibodies directed against GABA. Immunoreactive neuronal somata were distributed throughout the brain. Positive perikarya were detected in the internal cellular layer of the olfactory bulb, and in all divisions of the telencephalon, the highest density being observed along the midline. Numerous GABA-reactive cell bodies were found in the diencephalon, particularly in the preoptic and tuberal regions of the hypothalamus, and the dorsolateral, dorsomedial and ventromedial thalamic nuclei. In the optic tectum, the majority of GABApositive cell bodies were located in the periventricular layer. A number of immunolabelled cell bodies were observed in different tegmental structures, notably the torus semicircularis. In the cerebellum, the Purkinje cells were either very intensely or very weakly immunoreactive. In the rhombencephalon, reactive cell bodies were observed in the eminentia granularis, the valvula cerebellaris, the octavolateral nucleus, the lobus vagus and in the vagal and glossopharyngeal motor nuclei. Intensely immunoreactive axons and terminals were observed in the external granular layer and internal cellular layer of the olfactory bulb. In the telencephalon, the highest density of reactive fibres and boutons was found in the fields of the medial wall. Many immunolabelled fibres were seen in the medial and lateral forebrain bundles. In the diencephalon, intense labelling of fibres and terminals were observed in the nuclei situated close to the midline. In the optic tectum the highest density of reactive fibres was seen in the sfgs, the layer to which the retina projects massively. Finally, in the rhombencephalon the strongest labelling of neurites was observed in the nuclei of the raphé, the nucleus octavocellularis magnocellularis and the nuclei of the IXth and Xth cranial nerves. The GABAergic system of the eel, which is well developed, appears to be generally comparable to that described in tetrapod vertebrates.
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