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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2016-02-26
    Description: Contractile tails are composed of an inner tube wrapped by an outer sheath assembled in an extended, metastable conformation that stores mechanical energy necessary for its contraction. Contraction is used to propel the rigid inner tube towards target cells for DNA or toxin delivery. Although recent studies have revealed the structure of the contractile sheath of the type VI secretion system, the mechanisms by which its polymerization is controlled and coordinated with the assembly of the inner tube remain unknown. Here we show that the starfish-like TssA dodecameric complex interacts with tube and sheath components. Fluorescence microscopy experiments in enteroaggregative Escherichia coli reveal that TssA binds first to the type VI secretion system membrane core complex and then initiates tail polymerization. TssA remains at the tip of the growing structure and incorporates new tube and sheath blocks. On the basis of these results, we propose that TssA primes and coordinates tail tube and sheath biogenesis.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Zoued, Abdelrahim -- Durand, Eric -- Brunet, Yannick R -- Spinelli, Silvia -- Douzi, Badreddine -- Guzzo, Mathilde -- Flaugnatti, Nicolas -- Legrand, Pierre -- Journet, Laure -- Fronzes, Remi -- Mignot, Tam -- Cambillau, Christian -- Cascales, Eric -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 3;531(7592):59-63. doi: 10.1038/nature17182. Epub 2016 Feb 24.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Laboratoire d'Ingenierie des Systemes Macromoleculaires, Institut de Microbiologie de la Mediterranee, CNRS UMR7255, Aix-Marseille Universite, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ; Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR 7257, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France. ; Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, Aix-Marseille Universite, UMR 7257, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France. ; G5 Biologie structurale de la secretion bacterienne, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France. ; UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France. ; Laboratoire de Chimie Bacterienne, Institut de Microbiologie de la Mediterranee, CNRS UMR7283, Aix-Marseille Universite, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ; Synchrotron Soleil, L'Orme des merisiers, Saint-Aubin BP48, 91192 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26909579" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Crystallography, X-Ray ; Escherichia coli/*chemistry/ultrastructure ; Escherichia coli Proteins/*chemistry/*metabolism/ultrastructure ; Microscopy, Electron ; Microscopy, Fluorescence ; Models, Molecular ; *Polymerization ; Protein Structure, Tertiary ; Type VI Secretion Systems/chemistry/metabolism/ultrastructure
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2015-07-23
    Description: Bacteria share their ecological niches with other microbes. The bacterial type VI secretion system is one of the key players in microbial competition, as well as being an important virulence determinant during bacterial infections. It assembles a nano-crossbow-like structure in the cytoplasm of the attacker cell that propels an arrow made of a haemolysin co-regulated protein (Hcp) tube and a valine-glycine repeat protein G (VgrG) spike and punctures the prey's cell wall. The nano-crossbow is stably anchored to the cell envelope of the attacker by a membrane core complex. Here we show that this complex is assembled by the sequential addition of three type VI subunits (Tss)-TssJ, TssM and TssL-and present a structure of the fully assembled complex at 11.6 A resolution, determined by negative-stain electron microscopy. With overall C5 symmetry, this 1.7-megadalton complex comprises a large base in the cytoplasm. It extends in the periplasm via ten arches to form a double-ring structure containing the carboxy-terminal domain of TssM (TssMct) and TssJ that is anchored in the outer membrane. The crystal structure of the TssMct-TssJ complex coupled to whole-cell accessibility studies suggest that large conformational changes induce transient pore formation in the outer membrane, allowing passage of the attacking Hcp tube/VgrG spike.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Durand, Eric -- Nguyen, Van Son -- Zoued, Abdelrahim -- Logger, Laureen -- Pehau-Arnaudet, Gerard -- Aschtgen, Marie-Stephanie -- Spinelli, Silvia -- Desmyter, Aline -- Bardiaux, Benjamin -- Dujeancourt, Annick -- Roussel, Alain -- Cambillau, Christian -- Cascales, Eric -- Fronzes, Remi -- England -- Nature. 2015 Jul 30;523(7562):555-60. doi: 10.1038/nature14667. Epub 2015 Jul 22.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Laboratoire d'Ingenierie des Systemes Macromoleculaires, Aix-Marseille Universite - CNRS, UMR 7255, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France [2] Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, CNRS, UMR 7257, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France [3] G5 Biologie structurale de la secretion bacterienne, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France [4] UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France [5] AFMB, Aix-Marseille Universite, IHU Mediterranee Infection, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France. ; 1] Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, CNRS, UMR 7257, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France [2] AFMB, Aix-Marseille Universite, IHU Mediterranee Infection, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France. ; Laboratoire d'Ingenierie des Systemes Macromoleculaires, Aix-Marseille Universite - CNRS, UMR 7255, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ; UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France. ; 1] UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France [2] Unite de Bioinformatique Structurale, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France. ; 1] G5 Biologie structurale de la secretion bacterienne, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France [2] UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26200339" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Bacterial Secretion Systems ; Cell Membrane/chemistry/metabolism ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Cytoplasm/chemistry/metabolism ; Escherichia coli/*chemistry/metabolism ; Escherichia coli Proteins/biosynthesis/*chemistry ; Lipopeptides/biosynthesis/*chemistry ; Membrane Proteins/biosynthesis/*chemistry ; Microscopy, Electron ; Models, Molecular ; Multiprotein Complexes/*biosynthesis/*chemistry ; Periplasm/chemistry/metabolism ; Porosity ; Protein Structure, Tertiary ; Protein Subunits/biosynthesis/chemistry
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
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