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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2016-02-26
    Description: Contractile tails are composed of an inner tube wrapped by an outer sheath assembled in an extended, metastable conformation that stores mechanical energy necessary for its contraction. Contraction is used to propel the rigid inner tube towards target cells for DNA or toxin delivery. Although recent studies have revealed the structure of the contractile sheath of the type VI secretion system, the mechanisms by which its polymerization is controlled and coordinated with the assembly of the inner tube remain unknown. Here we show that the starfish-like TssA dodecameric complex interacts with tube and sheath components. Fluorescence microscopy experiments in enteroaggregative Escherichia coli reveal that TssA binds first to the type VI secretion system membrane core complex and then initiates tail polymerization. TssA remains at the tip of the growing structure and incorporates new tube and sheath blocks. On the basis of these results, we propose that TssA primes and coordinates tail tube and sheath biogenesis.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Zoued, Abdelrahim -- Durand, Eric -- Brunet, Yannick R -- Spinelli, Silvia -- Douzi, Badreddine -- Guzzo, Mathilde -- Flaugnatti, Nicolas -- Legrand, Pierre -- Journet, Laure -- Fronzes, Remi -- Mignot, Tam -- Cambillau, Christian -- Cascales, Eric -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 3;531(7592):59-63. doi: 10.1038/nature17182. Epub 2016 Feb 24.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Laboratoire d'Ingenierie des Systemes Macromoleculaires, Institut de Microbiologie de la Mediterranee, CNRS UMR7255, Aix-Marseille Universite, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ; Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR 7257, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France. ; Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, Aix-Marseille Universite, UMR 7257, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France. ; G5 Biologie structurale de la secretion bacterienne, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France. ; UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France. ; Laboratoire de Chimie Bacterienne, Institut de Microbiologie de la Mediterranee, CNRS UMR7283, Aix-Marseille Universite, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ; Synchrotron Soleil, L'Orme des merisiers, Saint-Aubin BP48, 91192 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26909579" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Crystallography, X-Ray ; Escherichia coli/*chemistry/ultrastructure ; Escherichia coli Proteins/*chemistry/*metabolism/ultrastructure ; Microscopy, Electron ; Microscopy, Fluorescence ; Models, Molecular ; *Polymerization ; Protein Structure, Tertiary ; Type VI Secretion Systems/chemistry/metabolism/ultrastructure
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2015-07-23
    Description: Bacteria share their ecological niches with other microbes. The bacterial type VI secretion system is one of the key players in microbial competition, as well as being an important virulence determinant during bacterial infections. It assembles a nano-crossbow-like structure in the cytoplasm of the attacker cell that propels an arrow made of a haemolysin co-regulated protein (Hcp) tube and a valine-glycine repeat protein G (VgrG) spike and punctures the prey's cell wall. The nano-crossbow is stably anchored to the cell envelope of the attacker by a membrane core complex. Here we show that this complex is assembled by the sequential addition of three type VI subunits (Tss)-TssJ, TssM and TssL-and present a structure of the fully assembled complex at 11.6 A resolution, determined by negative-stain electron microscopy. With overall C5 symmetry, this 1.7-megadalton complex comprises a large base in the cytoplasm. It extends in the periplasm via ten arches to form a double-ring structure containing the carboxy-terminal domain of TssM (TssMct) and TssJ that is anchored in the outer membrane. The crystal structure of the TssMct-TssJ complex coupled to whole-cell accessibility studies suggest that large conformational changes induce transient pore formation in the outer membrane, allowing passage of the attacking Hcp tube/VgrG spike.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Durand, Eric -- Nguyen, Van Son -- Zoued, Abdelrahim -- Logger, Laureen -- Pehau-Arnaudet, Gerard -- Aschtgen, Marie-Stephanie -- Spinelli, Silvia -- Desmyter, Aline -- Bardiaux, Benjamin -- Dujeancourt, Annick -- Roussel, Alain -- Cambillau, Christian -- Cascales, Eric -- Fronzes, Remi -- England -- Nature. 2015 Jul 30;523(7562):555-60. doi: 10.1038/nature14667. Epub 2015 Jul 22.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Laboratoire d'Ingenierie des Systemes Macromoleculaires, Aix-Marseille Universite - CNRS, UMR 7255, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France [2] Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, CNRS, UMR 7257, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France [3] G5 Biologie structurale de la secretion bacterienne, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France [4] UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France [5] AFMB, Aix-Marseille Universite, IHU Mediterranee Infection, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France. ; 1] Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, CNRS, UMR 7257, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France [2] AFMB, Aix-Marseille Universite, IHU Mediterranee Infection, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France. ; Laboratoire d'Ingenierie des Systemes Macromoleculaires, Aix-Marseille Universite - CNRS, UMR 7255, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ; UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France. ; 1] UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France [2] Unite de Bioinformatique Structurale, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France. ; 1] G5 Biologie structurale de la secretion bacterienne, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France [2] UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26200339" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Bacterial Secretion Systems ; Cell Membrane/chemistry/metabolism ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Cytoplasm/chemistry/metabolism ; Escherichia coli/*chemistry/metabolism ; Escherichia coli Proteins/biosynthesis/*chemistry ; Lipopeptides/biosynthesis/*chemistry ; Membrane Proteins/biosynthesis/*chemistry ; Microscopy, Electron ; Models, Molecular ; Multiprotein Complexes/*biosynthesis/*chemistry ; Periplasm/chemistry/metabolism ; Porosity ; Protein Structure, Tertiary ; Protein Subunits/biosynthesis/chemistry
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2014-12-06
    Description: The prevention of fertilization through self-pollination (or pollination by a close relative) in the Brassicaceae plant family is determined by the genotype of the plant at the self-incompatibility locus (S locus). The many alleles at this locus exhibit a dominance hierarchy that determines which of the two allelic specificities of a heterozygous genotype is expressed at the phenotypic level. Here, we uncover the evolution of how at least 17 small RNA (sRNA)-producing loci and their multiple target sites collectively control the dominance hierarchy among alleles within the gene controlling the pollen S-locus phenotype in a self-incompatible Arabidopsis species. Selection has created a dynamic repertoire of sRNA-target interactions by jointly acting on sRNA genes and their target sites, which has resulted in a complex system of regulation among alleles.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Durand, Eleonore -- Meheust, Raphael -- Soucaze, Marion -- Goubet, Pauline M -- Gallina, Sophie -- Poux, Celine -- Fobis-Loisy, Isabelle -- Guillon, Eline -- Gaude, Thierry -- Sarazin, Alexis -- Figeac, Martin -- Prat, Elisa -- Marande, William -- Berges, Helene -- Vekemans, Xavier -- Billiard, Sylvain -- Castric, Vincent -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Dec 5;346(6214):1200-5. doi: 10.1126/science.1259442.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Laboratoire Genetique et Evolution des Populations Vegetales, CNRS UMR 8198, Universite Lille 1, F-59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq cedex, France. ; Reproduction et Developpement des Plantes, Institut Federatif de Recherche 128, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Universite Claude Bernard Lyon I, Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, F-69364 Lyon, Cedex 07, France. ; Department of Biology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland. ; UDSL Universite Lille 2 Droit et Sante, and Plate-forme de genomique fonctionnelle et structurale IFR-114, F-59000 Lille, France. ; Centre National des Ressources Genomiques Vegetales, INRA UPR 1258, Castanet-Tolosan, France. ; Laboratoire Genetique et Evolution des Populations Vegetales, CNRS UMR 8198, Universite Lille 1, F-59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq cedex, France. vincent.castric@univ-lille1.fr.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25477454" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Alleles ; Arabidopsis/*genetics ; *Biological Evolution ; *Gene Expression Regulation, Plant ; *Gene Regulatory Networks ; *Genes, Dominant ; *Genes, Recessive ; Genetic Loci ; Models, Molecular ; Phylogeny ; Pollination ; RNA, Small Untranslated/classification/*genetics ; Selection, Genetic
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-1084
    Keywords: Key words: Gated MRI ; Computed tomography ; Heart ; Left atrium ; Neoplasms ; Leiomyosarcomas
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. Cardiac leiomyosarcoma is a rare tumour which can grow either intramurally or extramurally. Its prognosis is dismal. Surgery lengthens survival, but recurrences usually occur in the short term. Gated MRI is useful for the assessment of cardiac masses since it provides fine spatial and contrast resolution. We present the case of a left atrial leiomyosarcoma whose recurrence was diagnosed by gated MRI. Our patient underwent a second resection but died soon after.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1433-2965
    Keywords: Bone densitometry ; Cortical bone density ; Osteoporosis ; Perimenopause ; Quantitative computed tomography ; Trabecular bone density
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The precise site of bone loss was evaluated in early postmenopausal women using high resolution computed tomographic (CT) images of forearm measurements. A procedure was devised to quantitate trabecular and subcortical bone density of the distal radius, cortical bone density of the diaphyseal radius, and cortical wall thickness at both measuring sites. Twenty women (mean age 52 years, time since menopause 1 to 4 years) were examined twice at one-year intervals to determine the yearly change of the above mentioned bone parameters. Trabecular bone and subcortical bone showed the same density reduction of 7 mg/cm3 per year. Cortical bone density remains unchanged and no increase in porosity can be seen. For early postmenopausal women the reduction of bone mass (BMC) in the diaphysis of the radius is, therefore, due to a thinning of the cortical wall. This is in accordance with the observed average loss of wall thickness of 0.04 mm per year. The non-invasive determination of the precise localization of bone changes in individual patients should be of value in the assessment of the severity of osteoporosis. Furthermore it has potential in the evaluation of the efficacy of therapeutic procedures in the various disease states.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-0428
    Keywords: Keywords Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus ; gene ; inwardly rectifier potassium channel ; mutation.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The K+ inwardly rectifier channel (KIR) is one of the two sub-units of the pancreatic islet ATP-sensitive potassium channel complex (IKATP), which has a key role in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and thus is a potential candidate for a genetic defect in Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. We did a molecular screening of the KIR6.2 gene by single strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) and direct sequencing in 72 French Caucasian Type II diabetic families. We identified three nucleotide substitutions resulting in three amino acid changes (E23K, L270V and I337V), that have also been identified in other Caucasian Type II diabetic subjects. These variants were genotyped in French cohorts of 191 unrelated Type II diabetic probands and 119 normoglycaemic control subjects and association studies were done. The genotype frequencies of the L270V and I337V variants were not very different between Type II diabetic subjects and control groups. In contrast, analysis of the E23K variant showed that the KK homozygocity was more frequent in Type II diabetic than in control subjects (27 vs 14 %, p = 0.015). Analyses in a recessive model (KK vs EK/EE) tended to show a stronger association of the K allele with diabetes (p = 0.0097, corrected p-value for multiple testing 〈 0.02). The data for the E23K variant obtained here and those obtained from three other Caucasian groups studied so far were combined and investigated by meta-analysis. Overall, the E23K variant was found to be significantly associated with Type II diabetes (0.001 ≤p≤ 0.0016, corrected p-values for multiple testing p≤ 0.01). This study shows that KIR6.2 polymorphisms are frequently associated with Type II diabetes in French Caucasians. Furthermore, a meta-analysis combining different Caucasian groups suggests an significant role of KIR6.2 in the polygenic context of Type II diabetes. [Diabetologia (1998) 41: 1511–1515]
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    European journal of nuclear medicine 24 (1997), S. 234-234 
    ISSN: 1619-7089
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 74 (1952), S. 1071-1073 
    ISSN: 1520-5126
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1520-510X
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 166 (1950), S. 70-71 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] The usual temperature conditions of engine operation, especially those of the C.F.R.-A.S.T.M. knock-rating procedure, are such that finely divided carbon is obtained after spark ignition by method (a). It is possible, however, to provide low surface-temperature conditions in which the carbon is ...
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