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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-09-02
    Description: The evolution of the amniotic egg was one of the great evolutionary innovations in the history of life, freeing vertebrates from an obligatory connection to water and thus permitting the conquest of terrestrial environments. Among amniotes, genome sequences are available for mammals and birds, but not for non-avian reptiles. Here we report the genome sequence of the North American green anole lizard, Anolis carolinensis. We find that A. carolinensis microchromosomes are highly syntenic with chicken microchromosomes, yet do not exhibit the high GC and low repeat content that are characteristic of avian microchromosomes. Also, A. carolinensis mobile elements are very young and diverse-more so than in any other sequenced amniote genome. The GC content of this lizard genome is also unusual in its homogeneity, unlike the regionally variable GC content found in mammals and birds. We describe and assign sequence to the previously unknown A. carolinensis X chromosome. Comparative gene analysis shows that amniote egg proteins have evolved significantly more rapidly than other proteins. An anole phylogeny resolves basal branches to illuminate the history of their repeated adaptive radiations.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3184186/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3184186/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Alfoldi, Jessica -- Di Palma, Federica -- Grabherr, Manfred -- Williams, Christina -- Kong, Lesheng -- Mauceli, Evan -- Russell, Pamela -- Lowe, Craig B -- Glor, Richard E -- Jaffe, Jacob D -- Ray, David A -- Boissinot, Stephane -- Shedlock, Andrew M -- Botka, Christopher -- Castoe, Todd A -- Colbourne, John K -- Fujita, Matthew K -- Moreno, Ricardo Godinez -- ten Hallers, Boudewijn F -- Haussler, David -- Heger, Andreas -- Heiman, David -- Janes, Daniel E -- Johnson, Jeremy -- de Jong, Pieter J -- Koriabine, Maxim Y -- Lara, Marcia -- Novick, Peter A -- Organ, Chris L -- Peach, Sally E -- Poe, Steven -- Pollock, David D -- de Queiroz, Kevin -- Sanger, Thomas -- Searle, Steve -- Smith, Jeremy D -- Smith, Zachary -- Swofford, Ross -- Turner-Maier, Jason -- Wade, Juli -- Young, Sarah -- Zadissa, Amonida -- Edwards, Scott V -- Glenn, Travis C -- Schneider, Christopher J -- Losos, Jonathan B -- Lander, Eric S -- Breen, Matthew -- Ponting, Chris P -- Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- BB/F007590/1/Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council/United Kingdom -- MC_U137761446/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- U54 HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067-08/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Aug 31;477(7366):587-91. doi: 10.1038/nature10390.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA. jalfoldi@broadinstitute.org〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21881562" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Birds/*genetics ; Chickens/genetics ; *Evolution, Molecular ; GC Rich Sequence/genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Genomics ; Humans ; Lizards/*genetics ; Mammals/*genetics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Phylogeny ; Synteny/genetics ; X Chromosome/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2012-04-07
    Description: Marine stickleback fish have colonized and adapted to thousands of streams and lakes formed since the last ice age, providing an exceptional opportunity to characterize genomic mechanisms underlying repeated ecological adaptation in nature. Here we develop a high-quality reference genome assembly for threespine sticklebacks. By sequencing the genomes of twenty additional individuals from a global set of marine and freshwater populations, we identify a genome-wide set of loci that are consistently associated with marine-freshwater divergence. Our results indicate that reuse of globally shared standing genetic variation, including chromosomal inversions, has an important role in repeated evolution of distinct marine and freshwater sticklebacks, and in the maintenance of divergent ecotypes during early stages of reproductive isolation. Both coding and regulatory changes occur in the set of loci underlying marine-freshwater evolution, but regulatory changes appear to predominate in this well known example of repeated adaptive evolution in nature.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3322419/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3322419/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Jones, Felicity C -- Grabherr, Manfred G -- Chan, Yingguang Frank -- Russell, Pamela -- Mauceli, Evan -- Johnson, Jeremy -- Swofford, Ross -- Pirun, Mono -- Zody, Michael C -- White, Simon -- Birney, Ewan -- Searle, Stephen -- Schmutz, Jeremy -- Grimwood, Jane -- Dickson, Mark C -- Myers, Richard M -- Miller, Craig T -- Summers, Brian R -- Knecht, Anne K -- Brady, Shannon D -- Zhang, Haili -- Pollen, Alex A -- Howes, Timothy -- Amemiya, Chris -- Broad Institute Genome Sequencing Platform & Whole Genome Assembly Team -- Baldwin, Jen -- Bloom, Toby -- Jaffe, David B -- Nicol, Robert -- Wilkinson, Jane -- Lander, Eric S -- Di Palma, Federica -- Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- Kingsley, David M -- 095908/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- P50 HG002568/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P50 HG002568-09/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P50 HG002568-09S1/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P50-HG002568/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- R01 HG003474/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 Apr 4;484(7392):55-61. doi: 10.1038/nature10944.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Developmental Biology, Beckman Center B300, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford California 94305, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22481358" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adaptation, Physiological/*genetics ; Alaska ; Animals ; Aquatic Organisms/genetics ; *Biological Evolution ; Chromosome Inversion/genetics ; Chromosomes/genetics ; Conserved Sequence/genetics ; Ecotype ; Female ; Fresh Water ; Genetic Variation/genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Genomics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Seawater ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Smegmamorpha/*genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-04-20
    Description: The discovery of a living coelacanth specimen in 1938 was remarkable, as this lineage of lobe-finned fish was thought to have become extinct 70 million years ago. The modern coelacanth looks remarkably similar to many of its ancient relatives, and its evolutionary proximity to our own fish ancestors provides a glimpse of the fish that first walked on land. Here we report the genome sequence of the African coelacanth, Latimeria chalumnae. Through a phylogenomic analysis, we conclude that the lungfish, and not the coelacanth, is the closest living relative of tetrapods. Coelacanth protein-coding genes are significantly more slowly evolving than those of tetrapods, unlike other genomic features. Analyses of changes in genes and regulatory elements during the vertebrate adaptation to land highlight genes involved in immunity, nitrogen excretion and the development of fins, tail, ear, eye, brain and olfaction. Functional assays of enhancers involved in the fin-to-limb transition and in the emergence of extra-embryonic tissues show the importance of the coelacanth genome as a blueprint for understanding tetrapod evolution.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3633110/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3633110/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Amemiya, Chris T -- Alfoldi, Jessica -- Lee, Alison P -- Fan, Shaohua -- Philippe, Herve -- Maccallum, Iain -- Braasch, Ingo -- Manousaki, Tereza -- Schneider, Igor -- Rohner, Nicolas -- Organ, Chris -- Chalopin, Domitille -- Smith, Jeramiah J -- Robinson, Mark -- Dorrington, Rosemary A -- Gerdol, Marco -- Aken, Bronwen -- Biscotti, Maria Assunta -- Barucca, Marco -- Baurain, Denis -- Berlin, Aaron M -- Blatch, Gregory L -- Buonocore, Francesco -- Burmester, Thorsten -- Campbell, Michael S -- Canapa, Adriana -- Cannon, John P -- Christoffels, Alan -- De Moro, Gianluca -- Edkins, Adrienne L -- Fan, Lin -- Fausto, Anna Maria -- Feiner, Nathalie -- Forconi, Mariko -- Gamieldien, Junaid -- Gnerre, Sante -- Gnirke, Andreas -- Goldstone, Jared V -- Haerty, Wilfried -- Hahn, Mark E -- Hesse, Uljana -- Hoffmann, Steve -- Johnson, Jeremy -- Karchner, Sibel I -- Kuraku, Shigehiro -- Lara, Marcia -- Levin, Joshua Z -- Litman, Gary W -- Mauceli, Evan -- Miyake, Tsutomu -- Mueller, M Gail -- Nelson, David R -- Nitsche, Anne -- Olmo, Ettore -- Ota, Tatsuya -- Pallavicini, Alberto -- Panji, Sumir -- Picone, Barbara -- Ponting, Chris P -- Prohaska, Sonja J -- Przybylski, Dariusz -- Saha, Nil Ratan -- Ravi, Vydianathan -- Ribeiro, Filipe J -- Sauka-Spengler, Tatjana -- Scapigliati, Giuseppe -- Searle, Stephen M J -- Sharpe, Ted -- Simakov, Oleg -- Stadler, Peter F -- Stegeman, John J -- Sumiyama, Kenta -- Tabbaa, Diana -- Tafer, Hakim -- Turner-Maier, Jason -- van Heusden, Peter -- White, Simon -- Williams, Louise -- Yandell, Mark -- Brinkmann, Henner -- Volff, Jean-Nicolas -- Tabin, Clifford J -- Shubin, Neil -- Schartl, Manfred -- Jaffe, David B -- Postlethwait, John H -- Venkatesh, Byrappa -- Di Palma, Federica -- Lander, Eric S -- Meyer, Axel -- Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- 095908/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- MC_U137761446/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- P42 ES007381/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS/ -- R01 ES006272/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS/ -- R01 HG003474/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- R01 OD011116/OD/NIH HHS/ -- R24 OD011199/OD/NIH HHS/ -- R24 RR032670/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- R37 HD032443/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2013 Apr 18;496(7445):311-6. doi: 10.1038/nature12027.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Molecular Genetics Program, Benaroya Research Institute, Seattle, Washington 98101, USA. camemiya@benaroyaresearch.org〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23598338" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Animals, Genetically Modified ; *Biological Evolution ; Chick Embryo ; Conserved Sequence/genetics ; Enhancer Elements, Genetic/genetics ; Evolution, Molecular ; Extremities/anatomy & histology/growth & development ; Fishes/anatomy & histology/*classification/*genetics/physiology ; Genes, Homeobox/genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Genomics ; Immunoglobulin M/genetics ; Mice ; Molecular Sequence Annotation ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Phylogeny ; Sequence Alignment ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Vertebrates/anatomy & histology/genetics/physiology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-10-14
    Description: The comparison of related genomes has emerged as a powerful lens for genome interpretation. Here we report the sequencing and comparative analysis of 29 eutherian genomes. We confirm that at least 5.5% of the human genome has undergone purifying selection, and locate constrained elements covering approximately 4.2% of the genome. We use evolutionary signatures and comparisons with experimental data sets to suggest candidate functions for approximately 60% of constrained bases. These elements reveal a small number of new coding exons, candidate stop codon readthrough events and over 10,000 regions of overlapping synonymous constraint within protein-coding exons. We find 220 candidate RNA structural families, and nearly a million elements overlapping potential promoter, enhancer and insulator regions. We report specific amino acid residues that have undergone positive selection, 280,000 non-coding elements exapted from mobile elements and more than 1,000 primate- and human-accelerated elements. Overlap with disease-associated variants indicates that our findings will be relevant for studies of human biology, health and disease.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3207357/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3207357/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- Garber, Manuel -- Zuk, Or -- Lin, Michael F -- Parker, Brian J -- Washietl, Stefan -- Kheradpour, Pouya -- Ernst, Jason -- Jordan, Gregory -- Mauceli, Evan -- Ward, Lucas D -- Lowe, Craig B -- Holloway, Alisha K -- Clamp, Michele -- Gnerre, Sante -- Alfoldi, Jessica -- Beal, Kathryn -- Chang, Jean -- Clawson, Hiram -- Cuff, James -- Di Palma, Federica -- Fitzgerald, Stephen -- Flicek, Paul -- Guttman, Mitchell -- Hubisz, Melissa J -- Jaffe, David B -- Jungreis, Irwin -- Kent, W James -- Kostka, Dennis -- Lara, Marcia -- Martins, Andre L -- Massingham, Tim -- Moltke, Ida -- Raney, Brian J -- Rasmussen, Matthew D -- Robinson, Jim -- Stark, Alexander -- Vilella, Albert J -- Wen, Jiayu -- Xie, Xiaohui -- Zody, Michael C -- Broad Institute Sequencing Platform and Whole Genome Assembly Team -- Baldwin, Jen -- Bloom, Toby -- Chin, Chee Whye -- Heiman, Dave -- Nicol, Robert -- Nusbaum, Chad -- Young, Sarah -- Wilkinson, Jane -- Worley, Kim C -- Kovar, Christie L -- Muzny, Donna M -- Gibbs, Richard A -- Baylor College of Medicine Human Genome Sequencing Center Sequencing Team -- Cree, Andrew -- Dihn, Huyen H -- Fowler, Gerald -- Jhangiani, Shalili -- Joshi, Vandita -- Lee, Sandra -- Lewis, Lora R -- Nazareth, Lynne V -- Okwuonu, Geoffrey -- Santibanez, Jireh -- Warren, Wesley C -- Mardis, Elaine R -- Weinstock, George M -- Wilson, Richard K -- Genome Institute at Washington University -- Delehaunty, Kim -- Dooling, David -- Fronik, Catrina -- Fulton, Lucinda -- Fulton, Bob -- Graves, Tina -- Minx, Patrick -- Sodergren, Erica -- Birney, Ewan -- Margulies, Elliott H -- Herrero, Javier -- Green, Eric D -- Haussler, David -- Siepel, Adam -- Goldman, Nick -- Pollard, Katherine S -- Pedersen, Jakob S -- Lander, Eric S -- Kellis, Manolis -- 095908/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- GM82901/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 HG003474/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- R01 HG004037/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067-09/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003273/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Oct 12;478(7370):476-82. doi: 10.1038/nature10530.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Broad Institute of Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA. kersli@broadinstitute.org〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21993624" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Disease ; *Evolution, Molecular ; Exons/genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Genome, Human/*genetics ; Genomics ; Health ; Humans ; Mammals/*genetics ; Molecular Sequence Annotation ; Phylogeny ; RNA/classification/genetics ; Selection, Genetic/genetics ; Sequence Alignment ; Sequence Analysis, DNA
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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