Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
A single-filament pull-out test was used to study adhesion of Kevlar-49 fibers to thermoplastic polymers. The test involved pulling a partially embedded fiber out of a polymer film. Kevlar-49 fibers with three different surface treatments were used with five thermoplastic materials. The test resulted in the measurement of two properties, an interfacial bond strength and a frictional shear strength. The interfacial bond strength is an essential factor in determining the critical aspect ratio of discontinuous fibers in a composite. The frictional shear strength was found to correlate with the tensile strength of discontinuous fiber composites which fail by fiber pull-out. Scanning electron microscopy was used to examine the fiber pull-out specimens after testing. Observations of the fiber showed that the failure mode at the fiber-matrix interface was complex. The predominant failure mode was fracture at the interface (or in some weak boundary layer). In some cases, cohesive failure of the fiber surface was observed, with the result that strips of material were torn from the fiber surface.
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