Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Proceed order?

Export
  • 1
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  57. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC), Joint Meeting mit der Japanischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie; 20060511-20060514; Essen; DOCP 10.148 /20060508/
    Publication Date: 2006-07-31
    Keywords: Arterio-venous malformations ; VEGF ; Angiogenesis ; Arterio-venöse Malformation ; VEGF ; Angiogenese ; ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Keywords: GENE-EXPRESSION ; DIFFERENTIATION ; TUMORS ; BIOLOGY ; PROGRESSION ; PHENOTYPE ; P-TEFB ; RISK STRATIFICATION ; SUBGROUPS ; MIRNA EXPRESSION
    Abstract: Neuroblastoma, a childhood cancer that originates from neural crest-derived cells, is the most common deadly solid tumor of infancy. Amplification of the MYCN oncogene, which occurs in approximately 20-25% of human neuroblastomas, is the most prominent genetic marker of high-stage disease. The availability of valid preclinical in vivo models is a prerequisite to develop novel targeted therapies. We here report on the generation of transgenic mice with Cre-conditional induction of MYCN in dopamine beta-hydroxylase-expressing cells, termed LSL-MYCN;Dbh-iCre. These mice develop neuroblastic tumors with an incidence of 〉75%, regardless of strain background. Molecular profiling of tumors revealed upregulation of the MYCN-dependent miR-17-92 cluster as well as expression of neuroblastoma marker genes, including tyrosine hydroxylase and the neural cell adhesion molecule 1. Gene set enrichment analyses demonstrated significant correlation with MYC-associated expression patterns. Array comparative genome hybridization showed that chromosomal aberrations in LSL-MYCN;Dbh-iCre tumors were syntenic to those observed in human neuroblastomas. Treatment of a cell line established from a tumor derived from a LSL-MYCN;Dbh-iCre mouse with JQ1 or MLN8237 reduced cell viability and demonstrated oncogene addiction to MYCN. Here we report establishment of the first Cre-conditional human MYCN-driven mouse model for neuroblastoma that closely recapitulates the human disease with respect to tumor localization, histology, marker expression and genomic make up. This mouse model is a valuable tool for further functional studies and to assess the effect of targeted therapies.Oncogene advance online publication, 1 September 2014; doi:10.1038/onc.2014.269.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 25174395
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Keywords: RECEPTOR ; ANGIOGENESIS ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; INHIBITOR ; INVASION ; SURVIVAL ; tumor ; Germany ; KINASE ; THERAPY ; TYROSINE KINASE ; GENE ; GENE-EXPRESSION ; GENES ; microarray ; TUMORS ; TIME ; ACTIVATION ; FAMILY ; BIOLOGY ; NERVOUS-SYSTEM ; PATTERNS ; gene expression ; microarrays ; resistance ; LINE ; SIGNALING PATHWAYS ; LIGANDS ; PHENOTYPE ; CHILDREN ; RECEPTORS ; MICROARRAY ANALYSIS ; expression profiling ; PROGNOSTIC FACTOR ; neuroblastoma ; GROWTH-FACTOR-II ; INHIBITORS ; ABSENCE ; SINGLE ; PROGRAM ; OLIGONUCLEOTIDE ; SOLID TUMORS ; regulation ; PROGNOSTIC-FACTOR ; GENE-REGULATION ; NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR ; TARGET GENE ; gene regulation ; TARGET GENES ; PROFILES ; EXPRESSION PATTERNS ; EXPRESSION PROFILES ; HIGH EXPRESSION ; CYTOTOXIC DRUGS ; FACTOR BINDING-PROTEINS ; Trk receptors
    Abstract: Expression of neurotrophin receptors of the tyrosine kinase receptor (Trk) family is an important prognostic factor in solid tumors including neuroblastoma. High expression of TrkA (NTRK1) is associated with a favorable biology and outcome of neuroblastoma, whereas TrkB (NTRK2) is expressed on aggressive neuroblastomas with unfavorable outcome. To gain new insights into the global gene expression program resulting in these divergent biological phenotypes, we stably expressed either TrkA or TrkB in the human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell line. Gene expression profiles were obtained from parental cells and transfectants activated by their ligands in a time course over 24 h using oligonucleotide microarrays. Basal activation of Trk receptors in the absence of exogenous ligand was sufficient to induce broad and divergent genetic changes. Global gene regulation following external ligand stimulation was surprisingly similar in SY5Y-TrkA and SY5Y-TrkB cells except for the differential expression of distinct novel target genes. Consistent with their divergent biological phenotype, SY5Y-TrkA cells were characterized by upregulation of proapoptotic genes and angiogenesis inhibitors, whereas SY5Y-TrkB cells demonstrated upregulation of genes involved in invasion or therapy resistance. We suggest that the transcriptional program of neuroblastoma cells is modulated by Trk-receptor expression and basal activation rather than by ligand-induced activation. Fine-tuning of the malignant phenotype may be achieved by additional ligand stimulation with subsequent activation of a few specific genes
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 15637590
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Keywords: CANCER ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; SURVIVAL ; Germany ; INFORMATION ; RISK ; GENE ; GENE-EXPRESSION ; GENES ; microarray ; ACCURACY ; validation ; PATIENT ; MARKER ; prognosis ; microarrays ; DESIGN ; PCR ; bioinformatics ; PREDICTION ; RISK ASSESSMENT ; experimental design ; CHILDREN ; real-time PCR ; expression profiling ; HIGH-LEVEL ; MYCN ; neuroblastoma ; ONCOLOGY ; RE ; ARRAY ; REAL-TIME ; analysis ; methods ; PROFILES ; EXPRESSION PROFILES ; USA ; correlation ; cancer research ; MICROARRAY PLATFORMS ; PREDICT ; quantitative ; PLATFORM ; outcome ; CLASSIFIERS
    Abstract: Purpose: To assess the feasibility of predicting neuroblastoma outcome using highly parallel quantitative real-time PCR data. Experimental Design: We generated expression profiles of 63 neuroblastoma patients, 47 of which were analyzed by both Affymetrix U95A microarrays and highly parallel real-time PCR on microfluidic cards (MFC; Applied Biosystems). Top-ranked genes discriminating patients with event-free survival or relapse according to high-level analysis of Affymetrix chip data, as well as known neuroblastoma marker genes (MYCN and NTRK1/TrkA), were quantified simultaneously by real-time PCR. Analysis of PCR data was accomplished using high-level bioinformatics methods including prediction analysis of microarray, significance analysis of microarray, and Computerized Affected Sibling Pair Analyzer and Reporter. Results: Internal validation of the MFC method proved it highly reproducible. Correlation of MFC and chip expression data varied markedly for some genes. Outcome prediction using prediction analysis of microarray on real-time PCR data resulted in 80% accuracy, which is comparable to results obtained using the Affymetrix platform. Real-time PCR data were useful for risk assessment of relapsing neuroblastoma (P = 0.0006, log-rank test) when Computerized Affected Sibling Pair Analyzer and Reporter analysis was applied. Conclusions: These data suggest that multiplex real-time PCR might be a promising approach to reduce the complexity of information obtained from whole-genome array experiments. It could provide a more convenient and less expensive too[ for routine application in a clinical setting
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17332289
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Keywords: CANCER ; EXPRESSION ; GROWTH ; tumor ; CELL ; MODEL ; PATHWAY ; PATHWAYS ; COHORT ; DISEASE ; GENE ; GENE-EXPRESSION ; RNA ; DIFFERENTIATION ; TUMORS ; ACTIVATION ; BINDING ; BIOLOGY ; TARGET ; CHROMATIN ; gene expression ; PROMOTER ; genetics ; MODULATION ; C-MYC ; REPRESSION ; TRANSCRIPTIONAL REPRESSION ; MYCN ; neuroblastoma ; N-MYC ; signaling ; ONCOLOGY ; B-CELL LYMPHOMAS ; miRNA ; outcome ; MICRORNA ; CELL BIOLOGY ; Genetic ; COHORTS ; EXPRESSION SIGNATURES ; PATHWAY DEREGULATION
    Abstract: Increased activity of MYC protein-family members is a common feature in many cancers. Using neuroblastoma as a tumor model, we established a microRNA (miRNA) signature for activated MYCN/c-MYC signaling in two independent primary neuroblastoma tumor cohorts and provide evidence that c-MYC and MYCN have overlapping functions. On the basis of an integrated approach including miRNA and messenger RNA (mRNA) gene expression data we show that miRNA activation contributes to widespread mRNA repression, both in c-MYC- and MYCN-activated tumors. c-MYC/MYCN-induced miRNA activation was shown to be dependent on c-MYC/MYCN promoter binding as evidenced by chromatin immunoprecipitation. Finally, we show that pathways, repressed through c-MYC/MYCN miRNA activation, are highly correlated to tumor aggressiveness and are conserved across different tumor entities suggesting that c-MYC/MYCN activate a core set of miRNAs for cooperative repression of common transcriptional programs related to disease aggressiveness. Our results uncover a widespread correlation between miRNA activation and c-MYC/MYCN-mediated coding gene expression modulation and further substantiate the overlapping functions of c-MYC and MYCN in the process of tumorigenesis. Oncogene (2010) 29, 1394-1404; doi:10.1038/onc.2009.429; published online 30 November 2009
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19946337
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Keywords: CANCER ; EXPRESSION ; CLASSIFICATION ; QUANTIFICATION ; GENE ; GENE-EXPRESSION ; TUMORS ; PATTERNS ; PATHOGENESIS ; REVEALS ; PREDISPOSITION ; ANAPLASTIC LYMPHOMA KINASE ; ACTIVATING MUTATIONS
    Abstract: Purpose: Genomic alterations of the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene have been postulated to contribute to neuroblastoma pathogenesis. This study aimed to determine the interrelation of ALK mutations, ALK expression levels, and clinical phenotype in primary neuroblastoma. Experimental Design: The genomic ALK status and global gene expression patterns were examined in 263 primary neuroblastomas. Allele-specific ALK expression was determined by cDNA cloning and sequencing. Associations of genomic ALK alterations and ALK expression levels with clinical phenotypes and transcriptomic profiles were compared. Results: Nonsynonymous point mutations of ALK were detected in 21 of 263 neuroblastomas (8%). Tumors with ALK mutations exhibited about 2-fold elevated median ALK mRNA levels in comparison with tumors with wild-type (WT) ALK. Unexpectedly, the WT allele was preferentially expressed in 12 of 21 mutated tumors. Whereas survival of patients with ALK mutated tumors was significantly worse as compared with the entire cohort of WT ALK patients, it was similarly poor in patients with WT ALK tumors in which ALK expression was as high as in ALK mutated neuroblastomas. Global gene expression patterns of tumors with ALK mutations or with high-level WT ALK expression were highly similar, and suggested that ALK may be involved in cellular proliferation in primary neuroblastoma. Conclusions: Primary neuroblastomas with mutated ALK exhibit high ALK expression levels and strongly resemble neuroblastomas with elevated WT ALK expression levels in both their clinical and molecular phenotypes. These data suggest that high levels of mutated and WT ALK mediate similar molecular functions that may contribute to a malignant phenotype in primary neuroblastoma.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 21632861
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Keywords: EXPRESSION ; CELL LUNG-CANCER ; GENE ; IDENTIFICATION ; N-MYC ; SOLID TUMORS ; ONCOGENIC MUTATIONS ; HIGH-RISK NEUROBLASTOMA ; ANAPLASTIC LYMPHOMA KINASE ; ACTIVATING MUTATIONS
    Abstract: Treatment for neuroblastoma, the most common extracranial childhood tumor, spans a broad range of aggressiveness that mirrors the risk profiles of disease subtypes, with high-risk neuroblastoma still presenting a clinical challenge. Currently, most patients with relapsed neuro-blastoma die of disease and present a major challenge for treatment. New therapeutic options are urgently needed to improve patient survival. Activating mutations in the gene encoding the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) remain the most frequent druggable mutations identified in neuroblastomas to date. Preclinical data support an oncogene addiction of neuroblastoma cells to mutated ALK and demonstrate that ALK inhibitory therapy strongly combats tumor models. Most recently, pediatric phase I testing has been completed for the first approved ALK inhibitor, Crizotinib, showing very encouraging antitumoral results in neuroblastoma patients. Subsequently, an international phase I study with the second generation ALK inhibitor, LDK-378, will be launched that makes ALK inhibitory therapy also available to pediatric patients in Germany.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 24166094
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Keywords: CANCER ; EXPRESSION ; tumor ; ACTIVATION ; RESPONSES ; C-MYC ; neuroblastoma ; CHROMOSOMES ; SUBGROUPS ; BRD4
    Abstract: Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumor of childhood, and represents a significant clinical challenge in pediatric oncology, since overall survival currently remains under 70%. Patients with tumors overexpressing MYC or harboring a MYC oncogene amplification have an extremely poor prognosis. Pharmacologically inhibiting MYC expression may, thus, have clinical utility given its pathogenetic role in medulloblastoma. Recent studies using the selective small molecule BET inhibitor, JQ1, have identified BET bromodomain proteins, especially BRD4, as epigenetic regulatory factors for MYC and its targets. Targeting MYC expression by BET inhibition resulted in antitumoral effects in various cancers. Our aim here was to evaluate the efficacy of JQ1 against preclinical models for high-risk MYC-driven medulloblastoma. Treatment of medulloblastoma cell lines with JQ1 significantly reduced cell proliferation and preferentially induced apoptosis in cells expressing high levels of MYC. JQ1 treatment of medulloblastoma cell lines downregulated MYC expression and resulted in a transcriptional deregulation of MYC targets, and also significantly altered expression of genes involved in cell cycle progression and p53 signalling. JQ1 treatment prolonged the survival of mice harboring medulloblastoma xenografts and reduced the tumor burden in these mice. Our preclinical data provide evidence to pursue testing BET inhibitors, such as JQ1, as molecular targeted therapeutic options for patients with high-risk medulloblastomas overexpressing MYC or harboring MYC amplifications.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 24231268
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    Keywords: APOPTOSIS ; CANCER ; GROWTH ; GENE-EXPRESSION ; STEM-CELLS ; CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM ; neuroblastoma ; N-MYC ; BRAIN-TUMORS ; TUMOR-SUPPRESSOR
    Abstract: Previous studies have evaluated the role of miRNAs in cancer initiation and progression. MiR-34a was found to be downregulated in several tumors, including medulloblastomas. Here we employed targeted transgenesis to analyze the function of miR-34a in vivo. We generated mice with a constitutive deletion of the miR-34a gene. These mice were devoid of mir-34a expression in all analyzed tissues, but were viable and fertile. A comprehensive standardized phenotypic analysis including more than 300 single parameters revealed no apparent phenotype. Analysis of miR-34a expression in human medulloblastomas and medulloblastoma cell lines revealed significantly lower levels than in normal human cerebellum. Re-expression of miR-34a in human medulloblastoma cells reduced cell viability and proliferation, induced apoptosis and downregulated the miR-34a target genes, MYCN and SIRT1. Activation of the Shh pathway by targeting SmoA1 transgene overexpression causes medulloblastoma in mice, which is dependent on the presence and upregulation of Mycn. Analysis of miR-34a in medulloblastomas derived from ND2:SmoA1(tg) mice revealed significant suppression of miR-34a compared to normal cerebellum. Tumor incidence was significantly increased and tumor formation was significantly accelerated in mice transgenic for SmoA1 and lacking miR-34a. Interestingly, Mycn and Sirt1 were strongly expressed in medulloblastomas derived from these mice. We here demonstrate that miR-34a is dispensable for normal development, but that its loss accelerates medulloblastomagenesis. Strategies aiming to re-express miR-34a in tumors could, therefore, represent an efficient therapeutic option. (c) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 25348795
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Keywords: APOPTOSIS ; CANCER ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; ONCOGENE ; MYCN ; CHROMOSOME 1P ; MicroRNAs ; AURORA-B ; YM155
    Abstract: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are deregulated in a variety of human cancers, including neuroblastoma, the most common extracranial tumor of childhood. We previously reported a signature of 42 miRNAs to be highly predictive of neuroblastoma outcome. One miRNA in this signature, miR-542, was downregulated in tumors from patients with adverse outcome. Reanalysis of quantitative PCR and next-generation sequencing transcript data revealed that miR-542-5p as well as miR-542-3p expression is inversely correlated with poor prognosis in neuroblastoma patients. We, therefore, analyzed the function of miR-542 in neuroblastoma tumor biology. Ectopic expression of miR-542-3p in neuroblastoma cell lines reduced cell viability and proliferation, induced apoptosis and downregulated Survivin. Survivin expression was also inversely correlated with miR-542-3p expression in primary neuroblastomas. Reporter assays confirmed that miR-542-3p directly targeted Survivin. Downregulating Survivin using siRNA copied the phenotype of miR-542-3p expression in neuroblastoma cell lines, while cDNA-mediated ectopic expression of Survivin partially rescued the phenotype induced by miR-542-3p expression. Treating nude mice bearing neuroblastoma xenografts with miR-542-3p-loaded nanoparticles repressed Survivin expression, decreased cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in the respective xenograft tumors. We conclude that miR-542-3p exerts its tumor suppressive function in neuroblastoma, at least in part, by targeting Survivin. Expression of miR-542-3p could be a promising therapeutic strategy for treating aggressive neuroblastoma.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 25046253
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...