Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The optical activity of the Klebsiella capsular polysaccharides of serotypes K1, K5, K6, K8, K11, K56, and K57 has been studied in aqueous solution. Measurements of ORD in the range 185-450 nm reveal anomalous ORD with Cotton effects near λ0 = 195nm. The results are evaluated quantitatively according to hte Moffitt-Yang and the Drude equations. Straight lines are obtained in the Moffitt-Yang plots, while the corresponding Drude plots yield bent curves. The b0 values, calculated from the slope of the stright lines in the Moffitt-Yang plot, range from 90 to 270 and suggest a helical superstructure for the capsular polysaccyharides. Positive b0 values have been found for K1, K5, and K6 and negative b0 values for K8, k11, K56, ad K57. Circular dichrosim has been mesured, but the CD curves are found to be truncated at the lower-wavelength end due to the 185-nm limit of the spectrometer used. Measurements of the temperature dependence of the specific optical rotation [α] reveal in all cases cooperative order-disorder transitions at temperatures, Tm, fro m298 to 323°K. The van′t Hoff enthalpies derived from the width of the transition curves are found to be similar in value to those of polypeptieds in aqueous solution. The K8 polysaccharide shows a two-step transition. The results are discussed in relation to the known primary structure and x-ray data from oriented and partially crystalline films. A model is suggested for the two-step transition in the K8 polysaccharide.
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