Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Gas permeation experiments of H2, O2, CO2, N2, and CH2 were carried out with freestanding films of the conjugated polymer polyaniline (PANi). At first annealed to remove residual solvent, PANi membranes were doped (i.e., protonated) in a strongly acidic medium (HCl 4M), undoped in a basic medium (NH4OH 1M), and redoped in a slightly acidic medium (HCl 10-2M). Protonation and deprotonation kinetics were studied by elementary analysis Gas permeation experiments were performed with the annealed, doped, undoped, and redoped PANi films. The gas transport mechanism was clearly influenced by the diffusivity factor and it obeyed a Fickian diffusion model. From the variations in permeability coefficients with the doping treatment, gases could be divided in two subgroups comprising H2, O2, and CO2 on one hand and N2 and CH4 on the other. After the doping-undoping-redoping process, gas fluxes were increased by 15% for the smaller gases and were decreased by 45% for the larger gases. As a consequence gas separation factors were approximately doubled for a gas pair involving the two subgroups and these were unchanged for a gas pair involving only one subgroup. The highest O2/N2 and CO2/CH4 selectivity coefficients were, respectively, equal to 14 and 78. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Type of Medium: