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  • 1
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    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  68. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 90. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie und 45. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie; 20041019-20041023; Berlin; DOC04dguE3-308 /20041019/
    Publication Date: 2004-10-20
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
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    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  67. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 89. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie und 44. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie; 20031111-20031116; Berlin; DOC03dguD1-7 /20031111/
    Publication Date: 2003-11-11
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 3
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie; 75. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 97. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie, 52. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie; 20111025-20111028; Berlin; DOCWI36-664 /20111018/
    Publication Date: 2011-10-18
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 4
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie; 73. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 95. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie, 50. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie; 20091021-20091024; Berlin; DOCWI34-554 /20091015/
    Publication Date: 2009-10-16
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 5
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    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  68. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 90. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie und 45. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie; 20041019-20041023; Berlin; DOC04dguE9-1719 /20041019/
    Publication Date: 2004-10-20
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-0827
    Keywords: Key words: Heterotopic osteoblast-like cells — Colony formation — Differentiation — Alkaline phosphatase — Osteocalcin.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Physics
    Notes: Abstract. In this study, a characterization of human bone-forming cells responsible for heterotopic ossification was carried out in vitro. The biological and biochemical cell characteristics of the heterotopic osteoblast-like (HOB) cells were compared with those of orthotopic osteoblast-like (OB) cells from normal bone and stromal bone marrow cells believed to contain a subpopulation of osteogenic precursor cells. We found that HOB's from the spongiosa of heterotopic ossification required less time until the beginning of migration and the achievement of confluence in vitro compared with OBs from femoral shaft spongiosa. The fraction of mitotically active cells assessed by a clonogenic assay was higher as well in HOB cells. The in vitro studies of mitogenesis and the efficiency of colony formation of osteogenic cells indicate that with increasing differentiation and relative age they become more dependent on growth factors in the medium, otherwise the morphology of osteoblast-like cells changes and they pass irreversibly into the postmitotic stage of the cell cycle. The activity of the alkaline phosphatase is distinctly higher in the HOB than in the OB cells, HOB cells exhibit a lower level of osteocalcin expression compared with OB cells. No significant difference was found between OB and HOB cells in the amount of procollagen of type I sequestered by the cells. After 30 days, HOB and OB cells formed a mineralized matrix on exposure to 2 mM β-glycerophosphate. Since HOBs were isolated from heterotopic bone that had developed within 3–6 months after hip surgery, the differences in cellular behavior compared with OBs may be attributed to the relatively young age of HOB cells.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1434-3916
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The histological and enzymatic effects of single-dose irradiation of 7 Gray (Gy) versus fractionated irradiation of 5 × 2 Gy on the suppression of heterotopic ossification were examined over a period of 60 days in adult male Wistar rats (n = 57). The standardized osteogenesis model system in rats [9, 10, 11, 16, 19] was used for this purpose. The course of developing ossifications was documented quantitatively and qualitatively by means of quantitative computed tomography/osteodensitometry and digital luminescence radiography. Assessment of the activities of the enzymes alkaline and acid phosphatase throughout the experiment as well as characterization of the isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase (AP) in connection with histological observations displayed a metaplasia of the ingrowing connective tissue into bone-typical cells during osteoinduction. Thus, the increase of AP is the first sign of a functional transformation of mesenchymal stem cells into chondroid bone cells. The increase in the acid phosphatase level with a maximum of acitivity between the 15th and 30th day (according to the respective treatment group) is highly suggestive of a remodeling process paralleling incipient chondroclast and osteoclast activity. In the animal groups undergoing irradiation, the above-mentioned increase of enzymes occurred after a delay. Furthermore, the maximum values observed were lower than those in the group not undergoing irradiation. Both findings were more manifest in the animal group which underwent 5 × 2 Gy of radiation than in the group which underwent single-dose irradiation of 7 Gy. Radiation suppresses matrix-induced osteogenesis. The histological and enzymatic course of this process was unchanged in the animals which did not undergo irradiation. However, it was quantitatively reduced and accompanied by a retardation of osteogenesis. Both effects were again reduced with fractionated irradiation of 5 × 2 Gy, which is theoretically dose-equivalent to a 1 × 7 Gy application. Histological examinations revealed damage to the migratory, proliferating mesenchymal stem cell population by irradiation doses which had relatively small effects on preosteoblasts, osteoblasts, chondroblasts and other specialized cell forms. Therefore, it may be concluded that the smaller degree of heterotopic ossification in the irradiated groups was due to damage of and a decrease in the number of mesenchymal stem cells at the implant site. Our results stress the necessity of instituting postoperative irradiation therapy as early as possible to prevent heterotopic ossification. In view of experimentally proven better effects, fractionated irradiation has to be preferred to a dose-equivalent single-dose radiation, especially considering the fewer side-effects noted with fractionated irradiation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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