Key words: Aluminium toxicity
Triticum (Al toxicity)
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract. Two wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars, one aluminium tolerant (Atlas 66) and one sensitive (Scout 66), were grown in a continuous-flow culture system (≤pH 5.0) containing aluminium (0–100 μM) and silicon (0–2000 μM) in factorial combination. Treatment with silicon resulted in a highly significant amelioration of aluminium toxicity as assessed by root growth in both cultivars. Amelioration was influenced by wheat cultivar and silicon concentration, as 2000 μM silicon significantly ameliorated the toxic effects of 100 μM aluminium in Atlas 66, and only 5 μM silicon alleviated the effect of 1.5 μM aluminium on Scout 66. Nutrient medium pH was critical, as an amelioration by silicon was apparent only at pH 〉 4.2 for Atlas 66, and at pH 〉 4.6 for Scout 66. Silicon neither reduced levels of toxic aluminium species in the growth solutions, nor the amount of aluminium taken up by roots. In experiments to assess exudation of malate by Atlas 66 roots treated with 100 μM aluminium, the presence of 2000 μM silicon (pH 4.6) was found to have a negligible effect on exudation. In contrast, citrate, a known aluminium chelator, reduced aluminium-induced exudation of malate at 5–40 μM and completely inhibited it at 100 μM citrate. The results indicate that silicon does not reduce aluminium phytotoxicity as a result of aluminium/silicon interactions in the external media, and that the mechanism of amelioration has an in planta component.
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