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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2012-01-28
    Description: Neighboring genes are often coordinately expressed within cis-regulatory modules, but evidence that nonparalogous genes share functions in mammals is lacking. Here, we report that mutation of either TMEM138 or TMEM216 causes a phenotypically indistinguishable human ciliopathy, Joubert syndrome. Despite a lack of sequence homology, the genes are aligned in a head-to-tail configuration and joined by chromosomal rearrangement at the amphibian-to-reptile evolutionary transition. Expression of the two genes is mediated by a conserved regulatory element in the noncoding intergenic region. Coordinated expression is important for their interdependent cellular role in vesicular transport to primary cilia. Hence, during vertebrate evolution of genes involved in ciliogenesis, nonparalogous genes were arranged to a functional gene cluster with shared regulatory elements.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="" target="_blank"〉〈img src="" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Lee, Jeong Ho -- Silhavy, Jennifer L -- Lee, Ji Eun -- Al-Gazali, Lihadh -- Thomas, Sophie -- Davis, Erica E -- Bielas, Stephanie L -- Hill, Kiley J -- Iannicelli, Miriam -- Brancati, Francesco -- Gabriel, Stacey B -- Russ, Carsten -- Logan, Clare V -- Sharif, Saghira Malik -- Bennett, Christopher P -- Abe, Masumi -- Hildebrandt, Friedhelm -- Diplas, Bill H -- Attie-Bitach, Tania -- Katsanis, Nicholas -- Rajab, Anna -- Koul, Roshan -- Sztriha, Laszlo -- Waters, Elizabeth R -- Ferro-Novick, Susan -- Woods, C Geoffrey -- Johnson, Colin A -- Valente, Enza Maria -- Zaki, Maha S -- Gleeson, Joseph G -- DK068306/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- DK072301/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- DK075972/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- DK090917/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- EY021872/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- G0700073/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- GGP08145/Telethon/Italy -- HD042601/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- NS04843/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- NS052455/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- P30 CA023100/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30NS047101/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK068306/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK072301/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK075972/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 EY021872/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01 HD042601/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS048453/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS052455/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2012 Feb 24;335(6071):966-9. doi: 10.1126/science.1213506. Epub 2012 Jan 26.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Neurogenetics Laboratory, Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Cell Line ; Cerebellar Diseases/*genetics/metabolism/pathology ; Cilia/metabolism/*ultrastructure ; Conserved Sequence ; DNA, Intergenic ; *Evolution, Molecular ; Eye Abnormalities/*genetics/metabolism/pathology ; Gene Expression Profiling ; *Gene Expression Regulation ; Genetic Heterogeneity ; *Genetic Loci ; Humans ; Kidney Diseases, Cystic/*genetics/metabolism/pathology ; Membrane Proteins/chemistry/*genetics/metabolism ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Multigene Family ; Mutation ; Mutation, Missense ; Phenotype ; Protein Transport ; *Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid ; Retina/abnormalities/metabolism/pathology ; Transport Vesicles/metabolism/ultrastructure
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0428
    Keywords: Keywords Parental history ; insulin resistance syndrome ; non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus ; hypertension.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The association of a parental history of diabetes mellitus and hypertension with the multiple metabolic syndrome (MMS) was studied in a population survey of middle-aged adults. The eligible population was drawn from the baseline examination of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, a population-based, bi-ethnic, multi-centre cohort study. The MMS was defined as a multivariate, categorical phenotype of co-occurring diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidaemia. MMS cases (n = 356) were compared to disorder-free control subjects (n = 6797) with respect to their parental history of diabetes and hypertension. MMS cases were more likely to report a history of diabetes in both parents (odds ratio [OR] 4.7, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.5–14.7) or a history of hypertension in both parents (OR 1.9, 95 % CI 1.1–3.0) than control subjects, adjusting for BMI, waist-to-hip ratio, age, gender, and ethnicity/centre. A parental history of diabetes and hypertension in both parents was associated with the greatest increase in odds of MMS (OR 8.3, 95 % CI 3.0–22.8). A dose-response relationship between the number of parental disorders (one; two; three to four) and the odds of MMS was observed (OR 1.2, 95 % CI 0.9–1.7; OR 2.0, 95 % CI 1.4–2.8; OR 4.0, 95 % CI 2.5–6.2). Based on the marked associations observed between a parental history of MMS components and the clustering of these metabolic disorders in the offspring generation, we conclude that genetic and/or non-genetic familial influences play a role in the development of the multiple metabolic syndrome. [Diabetologia (1997) 40: 963–970]
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0827
    Keywords: Key words: Osteoporosis — BMP-4 — Genetic association — SNP.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Physics
    Notes: Abstract. Several studies have demonstrated that bone has the power of regeneration and repair. BMPs (bone morphogenetic proteins) are involved in the determination of osteoblast phenotype and bone turnover, therefore genes coding for these proteins, like BMP-4, could be considered potential candidate genes for osteoporosis. We investigated the association of BMP-4 gene polymorphism with osteoporosis in a cohort of 72 osteoporotic, postmenopausal women and 82 unrelated controls. We failed to detect any significant association between this genetic marker and the disease.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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