PACS. 34.80.Ht Dissociation and dissociative attachment by electron impact - 36.40.Qv Stability and fragmentation of clusters - 36.40.Wa Charged clusters
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract: Using laser photoelectron attachment to methyl iodide clusters in a differentially-pumped seeded supersonic helium beam and mass spectrometric ion detection, we have measured the rate coefficients for formation of (q = 0-2) ions over the electron energy range 0-100 meV with an effective energy width of about 2.5 meV. Whereas a prominent vibrational Feshbach resonance just below the onset for the C-I stretch vibration ( ) is observed for dissociative attachment to monomers (yielding I- ions), only weak and broad structure, shifted to lower energies, is detected for formation of ions and essentially no structure is left in the attachment spectrum for . These observations are interpreted by model R-matrix calculations which successfully describe the DA cross-section for the monomer and qualitatively recover the trend observed for cluster ion formation. For the clusters, the effects of increased electron-target long-range interaction and of solvation as well as coupling to soft vibrational modes lead to strong broadening and shifting of the vibrational Feshbach resonance and, ultimately, to its disappearance.
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