Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
86 patients, in 2 Scandinavian centers, participated in a prospective study of mandibular edentulism, treated with overdentures supported by Bioceram sapphire implants. Implant success and prosthesis stability as well as parameters for peri-implant health were evaluated. Masticatory function and complications were also documented. The study began in 1982 and clinical treatment of the last patients was completed in 1991. The patients have been followed for at least 3 years, and up to 12 years. 4 patients were lost to follow-up. Of the initial 324 implants, 7 implants failed before prosthetic treatment. 3 patients lost 1 implant each within the 1st year, and 4 patients lost all 4 implants. 16 implants were lost between 36 and 42 months in function, due to lack of osseointegration and pain. The loss of implants could be attributable to an association, not statistically verified, between bone quality and anatomy, with heavy smoking as a risk factor. Based on the remaining implants, the cumulative implant success rates were 95.2%, 91.3%, 91.3%, 91.3% at 3, 5, 10 and 12 year follow-up, respectively. The cumulative success rates for overdentures were 96.4%, 92.8%, 92.8% and 92.8% respectively, for the same follow-up periods. Indices for the health of the peri-implant mucosa disclosed no serious inflammatory reactions in the surrounding soft tissues. Patient satisfaction with this form of oral rehabilitation was high in all but 2 patients who experienced discomfort.
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