Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
The rate of hydrolysis of polyamide 6 in membrane casting solution containing strong mineral acid has been studied by determining changes in molecular weight, as estimated from dilute solution viscometry measurements. Hydrolysis is shown to be first order with a long half-life of about 250 days. A two-step dissolution process for polyamide 6 is proposed. The effect of extended dope maturation time upon polyamide 6 membrane preparation and performance has been examined. At short maturation times where protonation of polymer chain is occurring, flux is relatively low. A major increase in flux occurs after about 10 h, when protonation appear complete and hydrolysis has begun. Hydrolysis reduces polymer chain entanglement, and so quite different mechanisms for membrane formation exist as dope maturation time proceeds. With chains less than the critical entanglement length, nodular top layer membranes and alveolar walls lead to high water flux. However, such membranes are quite fragile.
Type of Medium: