Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Abstract— Levels of glucose, lactate, GABA and cyclic nucleotides were examined in discrete layers of the cerebellum and cerebral cortex of mice following treatment with the anticonvulsant, sodium valproate, and/or the convulsant, isoniazid. The concentrations of the metabolites were essentially uniform among the layers of each region, whether from control or from drug-treated mice. Metabolite concentrations in the isoniazid-treated mice were determined either 30 min after administration (preconvulsive state), or immediatley after the onset of seizures. Glucose and lactate, two markers of energy status in the brain, were only minimally affected by drug treatment. However, the levels of GABA and cyclic nucleotides were markedly different from control values in the drug-treated animals. In the preconvulsive state, GABA levels in cerebellar layers were depressed and the cyclic nucleotides were elevated in most layers of both regions. At the onset of seizures, the reduction of GABA and the elevation of cyclic AMP in both regions was more pronounced than during the preconvulsive state. While the concentration of cyclic GMP remained elevated in the cerebellar layers at the onset of seizures, the level in the cerebral cortex returned to control values. Valproate elevated GABA in all the layers of both regions and decreased the cyclic GMP in the cerebellar layers. Generally, when valproate was administered in combination with isoniazid, it dampened the isoniazid induced changes in the metabolites. The events leading up to a seizure as well as those that sustain it may be reflected by the disparate responses of the metabolites in the cerebellum and cerebral cortex.
Type of Medium: