Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Thermoluminescence (TL) emission from low-density polyethylene has been investigated. The glow curves of gas-free samples x-irradiated at -190°C and heated to room temperature were found to contain three peaks numbered I, II, and III in order of increasing temperature, in agreement with earlier results. The sites of all traps are accessible to absorbed gases; in the presence of air, O2, N2 or Ar, “gas” traps are formed, resulting in the appearance of an additional peak IV in the glow curve at a temperature between peaks I and II, large reductions in the intensities of peaks II and III, and various changes in peak I. The peak I, II, and III traps are formed from particular chain configurations occurring in the chain-fold regions of the samples, these configurations being broken up by different forms of molecular motion within the chains. It is unlikely that the peak IV traps are just the gas molecules themselves; they are probably formed from new chain configurations occurring in the amorphous regions of the samples in the presence of the gas, the properties of the gas influencing the associated TL intensity and emission temperature. These traps are also broken up by molecular motion. The samples can be divided into two main types, differing mainly in the height of peak I relative to peak II, which is of nearly constant intensity in all samples. We suggest that two types of trap which are not interconvertible are associated with peak I, and that the dominant type in a given sample depends on the fine details of the sample fabrication process.
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